Wolfgang Rüger

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Phage T4 has provided countless contributions to the paradigms of genetics and biochemistry. Its complete genome sequence of 168,903 bp encodes about 300 gene products. T4 biology and its genomic sequence provide the best-understood model for modern functional genomics and proteomics. Variations on gene expression, including overlapping genes, internal(More)
Bacteriophage T4 beta-glucosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.27) catalyses the transfer of glucose from uridine diphosphoglucose to hydroxymethyl groups of modified cytosine bases in T4 duplex DNA forming beta-glycosidic linkages. The enzyme forms part of a phage DNA protection system. We have solved and refined the crystal structure of recombinant(More)
Infection of Escherichia coli by bacteriophage T4 leads to the expression of three phage mono-ADP-ribosyltransferases (namely, Alt, ModA, and ModB), each of which modifies a distinct group of host proteins. To improve understanding of these interactions and their consequences for the T4 replication cycle, we used high-resolution two-dimensional gel(More)
beta-Glucosyltransferase (BGT) is a DNA-modifying enzyme encoded by bacteriophage T4 that transfers glucose from uridine diphosphoglucose to 5-hydroxymethyl cytosine bases of phage T4 DNA. We report six X-ray structures of the substrate-free and the UDP-bound enzyme. Four also contain metal ions which activate the enzyme, including Mg(2+) in forms 1 and 2(More)
Surface proteins ofSarcocystis cyst merozoites were labeled by biotinylation or radioiodination and identified on Western blots after sodium dodecyl sulfatepolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The major labeled proteins ofS. muris andS. suicanis have relative molecular masses of 31 and 33 kDa, respectively. Immunoblots performed with the 31-kDa(More)
Using polyadenylated RNA isolated from Sarcocystis muris cyst merozoites, we have constructed a cDNA library in the expression vector lambda ZAP. Immunoscreening with monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies directed against a 31-kDa surface antigen of S. muris [1] yielded a number of clones with insert sizes ranging between 1.1 kb and 1.3 kb. An additional(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies directed against a microneme antigen of Sarcocystis muris cyst merozoites (16/17 kDa band doublet) were used to isolate cDNA clones from a lambda ZAP expression library. Restriction analysis revealed that the inserts were highly similar, with sizes ranging between 1.8 and 2.3 kb. In addition, a full-length cDNA insert of 2.6 kb was(More)
beta-Glucosyltransferase (BGT) is a DNA-modifying enzyme encoded by bacteriophage T4 which catalyses the transfer of glucose (Glc) from uridine diphosphoglucose (UDP-Glc) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-HMC) in double-stranded DNA. The glucosylation of T4 phage DNA is part of a phage DNA protection system aimed at host nucleases. We previously reported the(More)
PAX2 is a member of the PAX multigene family encoding transcription factors active in specific tissues during embryogenesis. Several PAX/Pax genes (PAX and Pax describe homologous genes in human and mice, respectively) have been shown to possess critical morphogenetic functions as identified by the analysis of mice targeted for Pax genes and the phenotype(More)
Phage SPO1 of Bacillus subtilis carries hydroxymethyl-deoxyuridylate in place of thymidylate in its DNA. The enzyme, responsible for the conversion of dUMP to HmdUMP, is a dUMP hydroxymethylase, encoded by the SPO1 gene 29. Here we describe the cloning and sequencing of the gene and the overexpression of the gene product. DNA hybridization using the DNA of(More)