Wolfgang Poser

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Rationale and objective: The present study tested the hypothesis that chronic interference by cannabis with endogenous cannabinoid systems during peripubertal development causes specific and persistent brain alterations in humans. As an index of cannabinoid action, visual scanning, along with other attentional functions, was chosen. Visual scanning(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoietin (EPO) and its receptor play a major role in embryonic brain, are weakly expressed in normal postnatal/adult brain and up-regulated upon metabolic stress. EPO protects neurons from hypoxic/ ischemic injury. The objective of this trial is to study the safety and efficacy of recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) for treatment of ischemic(More)
Using immunohistochemistry, expression of erythropoietin (EPO), a hypoxia-inducible neuroprotective factor, and its receptor (EPOR) were investigated in human brain tissue after ischemia/hypoxia. Autopsy brains of neuropathologically normal subjects were compared to those with ischemic infarcts or hypoxic damage. In normal brain, weak EPO/EPOR(More)
In alcoholics, disturbances of the autonomic nervous system as well as of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) are known. However, these two systems have never been analyzed, under stimulated conditions, in parallel in the same patients. Moreover, studies using intravenous (i.v.) corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) to assess neuroendocrine(More)
To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a multiple, low dosage ingestion of manganese. A 66-year-old male patient is presented, who ingested 125 ml of a 8% solution of potassium permanganate (10 g) within 4 weeks. As early as 2 weeks after the beginning of poisoning, psychological alterations were noted. Neurological examination revealed(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To perform a 9-year study of abstinence, lapse, and relapse in 180 chronic alcoholic patients, participants of the Outpatient Longterm Intensive Therapy for Alcoholics (OLITA); (2) To investigate the role of supervised alcohol deterrents (AD) in relapse prevention and as an adjunct for maintenance of long-term abstinence. METHOD This(More)
In perifused pancreatic islets, the fluorescence of reduced pyridine nucleotides (NAD(P)H) was measured continuously. Elevation of glucose concentration in the medium from 0 – 5 mM to 20 mM led to an increase in NAD(P)H-fluorescence beginning 10–20 sec after change of medium. Perifusion with calcium-free media had no influence on this effect. It was,(More)
The role of vasopressin (AVP) as a stress hormone in man is still a matter of controversy. Thus, the response of plasma AVP, among other hormones, to either intravenously injected human corticotropin releasing factor (hCRF, in the absence or presence of the opioid antagonist naloxone) or a combined 5-minute stress test was compared in healthy men (n = 10)(More)
The Outpatient Long-term Intensive Therapy for Alcoholics (OLITA) is a four-step program of care for severely affected chronic alcoholics which, after inpatient detoxification, extends over a total of 2 years. High-frequency short-term individual therapeutic contacts, initially daily, are followed by a slow tapering of individual contact frequency and(More)
The gestational history of 512 women with multiple sclerosis revealed that the risk of MS-onset, exacerbation, or progression was two to three times as high during the 6 months after childbirth as during pregnancy. Using a progression-index as a measure of prognosis (disability divided by duration), the speed of deterioration was comparable for women who(More)