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Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid, AsA) is an essential metabolite for plants and animals. Kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.) are a rich dietary source of AsA for humans. To understand AsA biosynthesis in kiwifruit, AsA levels and the relative expression of genes putatively involved in AsA biosynthesis, regeneration, and transport were correlated by quantitative(More)
CONTEXT Our aim was to present a summary of the Second International Consultation on Bladder Cancer recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment options for non-muscle-invasive urothelial cancer of the bladder (NMIBC) using an evidence-based approach. OBJECTIVE To critically review the recent data on the management of NMIBC to arrive at a general(More)
Inter-α-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain 5 (ITIH5) has been associated with tumour suppression in various cancers. However, its putative role in bladder cancer is completely unknown. Therefore, we initiated a study analysing ITIH5 expression as well as its prognostic and functional impact on human urothelial cancers (UCs). Expression analysis showed a clear(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the outcomes of 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) vs hexaminolaevulinate (HEX) vs white light (WL) transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURB) to assess transferability of ALA findings to HEX. Extending WL-TURB with photodynamic diagnostic improves outcome. Two fluorescent agents have been commonly used for this. Although numerous and(More)
The small GTPase RhoG plays a central role in actin remodelling during diverse biological processes such as neurite outgrowth, cell migration, phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, and the invasion of pathogenic bacteria. Although it is known that RhoG stimulates neurite outgrowth in the rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cell line, neither the physiological function nor(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared long-term outcome in patients with initial pT1G3 bladder cancer (BC) treated with early versus deferred cystectomy (CX) for recurrent pT1G3 or muscle-invasive BC after an initial bladder-sparing approach. The aim of this study was to compare survival rates and to analyse the influence of the recognised risk factors multifocality,(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The degree of comorbidity significantly affects the course of patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). To our knowledge this is the first study comparing four different comorbidity indices in patients undergoing RC for urothelial carcinoma to assess the best(More)
BACKGROUND First metabolomics studies have indicated that metabolic fingerprints from accessible tissues might be useful to better understand the etiological links between metabolism and cancer. However, there is still a lack of prospective metabolomics studies on pre-diagnostic metabolic alterations and cancer risk. METHODS Associations between(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic value of CK20, Ki-67, and p53 has been investigated for non-muscle-invasive urothelial bladder cancers but not for the distinct and clinically challenging subset of pT1 bladder cancers. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prognostic value of CK20, Ki-67, and p53 within the largest series of pT1 urothelial bladder cancers. DESIGN,(More)
INTRODUCTION We assessed the reproducibility and prognostic impact of the Broders' grading system (BGS) in a cohort of 147 patients with surgically treated penile squamous cell carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS Conventionally stained histology slides were graded according to the BGS in two rounds by two study pathologists. Reproducibility was assessed(More)