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The clinical relevance and nature of calcaneal cysts is controversial. The risk of pathologic fracture is undefined and diagnostic criteria to differentiate between cysts in patients who can be treated nonoperatively and patients who require surgical intervention are not available. To address these questions, 50 calcaneal bone cysts in 47 patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Injuries in childhood and adolescence are frequent and the knee is one of the most common sites of injuries. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiology, gender distribution, age, and circumstances of knee injuries in childhood at a Level I Trauma Center in Austria. METHODS All pediatric and adolescent trauma patients who presented in a 2-year(More)
BACKGROUND Pertrochanteric fractures are increasing and their operative treatment remains under discussion. Failures needing reoperations such as a cut-out are reported to be high and are associated with multiple factors including poor bone quality, poor fracture reduction and improper implant placement. The PFNA(®) with perforated blade offers an option(More)
BACKGROUND Many femoral fracture patterns in children cannot be stabilized sufficiently by intramedullary nailing only. Such fractures may require additional cast bracing or cerclage wiring after nailing. To overcome this problem, pediatric Ender nails that can be interlocked were designed to achieve better fracture stabilization. METHOD Seventeen(More)
OBJECTIVES To detect outcome measures that could help differentiate between dynamic and fixed equinus (FEQ) deformities in children with cerebral palsy, and secondary, to describe the function of the gastrocnemius and soleus (SOL) muscles when either dynamic triceps surae tightness or FEQ contracture is present. DESIGN A group-comparison study. SETTING(More)
INTRODUCTION It is generally accepted that severely displaced or malrotated neck fractures of the fifth metacarpal should be treated by closed reduction and pinning. As antegrade intramedullary splinting avoids adhesions of the extensor hood and provides intramedullary stability this technique seems to be advantageous in comparison with traditional(More)
Sixteen children with diplegic type of cerebral palsy and spastic internal rotation gait were evaluated using gait analysis before and an average of 3 years after multiple soft tissue surgery. Significant correction of the internal rotation gait was observed after multi-level soft tissue surgery which included medial hamstring lengthening in all cases. Our(More)
Although equinus gait is the most common abnormality in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) there is no consistency in recommendations for treatment, and evidence for best practice is lacking. The Baumann procedure allows selective fractional lengthening of the gastrocnemii and soleus muscles but the long-term outcome is not known. We followed a group(More)
OBJECTIVE Reconstruction of the anatomic axis of the upper extremity and preservation or improvement of elbow function. INDICATIONS Supracondylar axial deviation (cubitus varus/valgus). Limitation of range of motion. Cosmetic impairment. Psychological problems due to deformity. CONTRAINDICATIONS Degenerative changes of the elbow joint in adolescents and(More)
BACKGROUND Unstable meniscal tears are rare injuries in skeletally immature patients. Loss of a meniscus increases the risk of subsequent development of degenerative changes in the knee. This study deals with the outcome of intraarticular meniscal repair and factors that affect healing. Parameters of interest were type and location of the tear and also the(More)