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INTRODUCTION Neuropsychological abnormalities in transsexual patients have been reported in comparison with subjects without gender identity disorder (GID), suggesting differences in underlying neurobiological processes. However, these results have not consistently been confirmed. Furthermore, studies on cognitive effects of cross-sex hormone therapy also(More)
This paper gives recommendations for treatment of thoracolumbar and lumbar spine injuries. The recommendations are based on the experience of the involved spine surgeons, who are part of a study group of the "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie" and a review of the current literature. Basics of diagnostic, conservative, and operative therapy are(More)
Distraction osteogenesis is a unique and effective way to treat limb length inequality resulting from congenital and posttraumatic skeletal defects. However, despite its widespread clinical use, the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which this surgical treatment promotes new bone formation are not well understood. Previous studies in distraction(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations can be addressed with several surgical stabilization techniques. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate biomechanical features of the native joint compared with 3 different stabilization methods: locking hook plate (HP), TightRope (TR), and bone anchor system (AS). HYPOTHESIS The HP(More)
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is one of the most dramatic in vivo applications of mechanical stimulation as a means of inducing bone regeneration. A simple and reproducible murine model of tibia distraction osteogenesis was developed using a monolateral fixator. Bone formation was assessed histologically over a 35-day time course. The steady state(More)
Correct placement of iliosacral screws remains a surgical challenge. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify parameters which impact the accuracy of this technically demanding procedure. Eighty-two patients with vertically unstable pelvic injuries treated with a total of 147 iliosacral screws were included. Assessment of postoperative CT scans(More)
This study examined how computer-game preference relates to mental-rotation test (MRT) performance and to gender differences. Subjects were 861 German secondary-school children (mean age = 14.67; range 10–20 years). Latent class analysis with the data of a computer-game preference scale revealed three types of players: ''non-players'',(More)
BACKGROUND Varying results have been reported concerning the effect of body mass index (BMI) on polytrauma outcome. Although most studies focus on obesity and its associated preexisting medical diseases as a predictor for increased mortality rates, there is evidence that polytrauma patients with underweight also face an inferior outcome. METHODS Records(More)
Two meta-analyses (Linn and Petersen, 1985; Voyer et al., 1995) discuss variables that affect mental rotation performance but they do not mention a potentially important variable, the Academic Program in which students are enrolled. Sex differences in brain size have been related to sex differences in spatial performance (e.g., Falk et al., 1999) and thus(More)
PURPOSE Due to increasing life expectancy we see a rising number of joint replacements. Along with the proximal prosthesis in the femur, more and more people have a second implant on the distal ipsilateral side. This might be a retrograde nail or a locking plate to treat distal femur fractures or a constrained knee prosthesis in the case of severe(More)