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 Inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange (NHE) subtypes has been investigated in a study of the mouse fibroblast L cell line (LAP1) transfected with human (h) NHE1, rabbit (rb) NHE2, rat (rt) or human (h) NHE3 as well as an opossum kidney cell line (OK) and porcine renal brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV). S3226(More)
The orphan transporter hORCTL3 (human organic cation transporter like 3; SLC22A13) is highly expressed in kidneys and to a weaker extent in brain, heart, and intestine. hORCTL3-expressing Xenopus laevis oocytes showed uptake of [(3)H]nicotinate, [(3)H]p-aminohippurate, and [(14)C]urate. Hence, hORCTL3 is an organic anion transporter, and we renamed it(More)
It has been known for several years that the outwardly rectifying 30-pS chloride channel, the regulation of which has been reported to be defective in cystic fibrosis, can be activated by excision of a membrane patch from a cell. This suggested that the cytosol contains an inhibitory factor, which diffuses away after excision, thereby releasing the channel(More)
Organic anions are taken up from the blood into proximal tubule cells by organic anion transporters 1 and 3 (OAT1 and OAT3) in exchange for dicarboxylates. The released dicarboxylates are recycled by the sodium dicarboxylate cotransporter 3 (NaDC3). In this study, we tested the substrate specificities of human NaDC3, OAT1, and OAT3 to identify those(More)
Glutaric acidurias are rare inherited neurodegenerative disorders accompanied by accumulation of the metabolites glutarate (GA) and 3-hydroxyglutarate (3OHGA), glutaconate, L-, or D-2-hydroxyglutarate (L-2OHGA, D-2OHGA) in all body fluids. Oocytes expressing the human (h) sodium-dicarboxylate cotransporter (NaDC3) showed sodium-dependent inward currents(More)
Phylogentically, organic anion transporter (OAT)1 and OAT3 are closely related, whereas OAT2 is more distant. Experiments with human embryonic kidney-293 cells stably transfected with human OAT1, OAT2, or OAT3 were performed to compare selected transport properties. Common to OAT1, OAT2, and OAT3 is their ability to transport cGMP. OAT2 interacted with(More)
p-Aminohippurate (PAH) and urate are secreted into the proximal tubule lumen across the brush-border membrane. Here we used brush-border membrane vesicles from pig kidney to study PAH and urate transport. Efflux and influx of [3H]PAH were influenced by K+-diffusion potentials indicating electrogenic PAH transport. An outside>inside PAH concentration(More)
A pig kidney cDNA library was screened for the porcine ortholog of the multispecific organic anion transporter 1 (pOAT1). Several positive clones were isolated resulting in two alternatively spliced cDNA clones of pOAT1 (pOAT1 and pOAT1A). pOAT1-cDNAs consist of 2126 or 1895 base pairs (EMBL Acc. No. AJ308234 and AJ308235) encoding 547 or 533 amino acid(More)
The H(2)-receptor antagonist cimetidine is efficiently excreted by the kidneys. In vivo studies indicated an interaction of cimetidine not only with transporters for basolateral uptake of organic cations but also with those involved in excretion of organic anions. We therefore tested cimetidine as a possible substrate of the organic anion transporters(More)