Wolfgang Krämer

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DGAT1 encodes diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase (EC ), a microsomal enzyme that catalyzes the final step of triglyceride synthesis. It became a functional candidate gene for lactation traits after studies indicated that mice lacking both copies of DGAT1 are completely devoid of milk secretion, most likely because of deficient triglyceride synthesis in the(More)
We propose the use of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) instead of polymorphic microsatellite markers for individual identification and parentage control in cattle. To this end, we present an initial set of 37 SNP markers together with a gender-specific SNP for identity control and parentage testing in the Holstein, Fleckvieh and Braunvieh breeds. To(More)
Various QTL mapping experiments led to the detection of a QTL in the centromeric region of cattle chromosome 14 that had a major effect on the fat content of milk. Recently, the gene encoding diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase (DGAT1) was proposed to be a positional and functional candidate for this trait. This study investigated the effects of a(More)
An autosomal genome scan for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting milk production traits was carried out on the Norwegian Dairy Cattle population. Six half-sibling families with a total of 285 sons organized according to a granddaughter design were analyzed by a multiple marker regression method. Suggestive QTL for one or several of the five milk traits(More)
BACKGROUND In Germany, measles vaccination coverage with two doses is not yet sufficient to prevent regional outbreaks. Among the 16 German federal states, vaccination coverage was lowest in Bavaria with 85% in 2008. From March to mid-April 2008, four neighbouring Bavarian counties reported 55 measles-cases mostly linked to an ongoing measles outbreak in an(More)
The specificity of lysophospholipase D (1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine ethanolaminehydrolase, EC; also works on choline analogs) for 1-alkyl- and 1-acyl-linked substrates was examined using rat liver microsomes. The microsomes were treated with diisopropylphosphorofluoridate to inhibit the hydrolysis of acyl chains from the acyl-linked(More)
1. A procedure has been described for the purification of the major isozyme of yeast phosphoglucomutase of highest known specific activity. 2. The native enzyme has a molecular weight of about 65400 and was found to be homogeneous as judged by sucrose density gradient centrifugation, gel filtration, electrophoresis on acrylamide gel and ultracentrifugal(More)