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A gas chromatography/mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantitative determination of natural and synthetic estrogens (17beta-estradiol, estrone, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, and mestranol), phytoestrogens (genistein and beta-sitosterol), and xenoestrogens (benzyl butyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate, bisphenol A, 4-nonylphenol [NP],(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) are used as flame retardants in a wide variety of products. As part of the Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey (INES), this study aimed to characterize the exposure of an adult German population using duplicate diet samples, which were collected daily over seven consecutive days, and indoor air and house dust(More)
Thyroid hormone concentrations, hepatic enzyme activities and tissue concentrations of 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-99) were evaluated in Wistar rats (dams and offspring) after treatment by gavage on gestation day (GD) 6 with a single low dose of either 60 or 300 microg PBDE-99/kg body weight (bw), respectively. Tissue concentration analysis(More)
The widespread use of synthetic musk fragrances and the resultant presence of these substances and their metabolites in the aquatic environment (as well as their accumulation in human adipose tissue) raises the question of whether musk fragrances display endocrine and in particular estrogenic activity. A variety of musk fragrances were tested using the(More)
The E-Screen assay serves as an in vitro tool for the detection of estrogenic activity of chemicals and extracts of environmental samples. Based on the induction of proliferation in human estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells we could substantially simplify the assay. As one important step of validation we applied the modified assay for(More)
In contrast to other countries, there is an on-going debate but still no smoke-free legislation in Germany. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in hospitality venues is assumed to be high, but air quality data are lacking. Therefore, the aim of our study was to perform a comprehensive exposure assessment by analysing the indoor air concentration(More)
24 h samples of untreated and treated wastewater were taken in parallel from a modern municipal sewage plant in southern Germany in March and June 1998. After solid phase extraction, total estrogenic activity was quantitatively measured with a miniaturized E-screen assay and the levels of nine estrogenic phenolic chemicals analyzed by HRGC/LRMS.(More)
We evaluated and compared four in vitro assays to detect androgen agonists and antagonists in an international interlaboratory study. Laboratory 1 used a cell proliferation assay (assay 1) with human mammary carcinoma cells stably transfected with human androgen receptor. The other laboratories used reporter gene assays, two based on stably transfected(More)
The proliferation test with human estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells (E-Screen assay) was applied for quantitative determination of total estrogenic activity in 24-h composite effluent samples from 16 municipal and two industrial sewage treatment plants (STPs) in the state of Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. The estrogenic efficacy(More)