Wolfgang Keck

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Genetic methods available in mice are likely to be powerful tools in dissecting cortical circuits. However, the visual cortex, in which sensory coding has been most thoroughly studied in other species, has essentially been neglected in mice perhaps because of their poor spatial acuity and the lack of columnar organization such as orientation maps. We have(More)
During sensory-guided motor tasks, information must be transferred from arrays of neurons coding target location to motor networks that generate and control movement. We address two basic questions about this information transfer. First, what mechanisms assure that the di erent neural representations align properly so that activity in the sensory network(More)
We have identified in the Streptococcus pneumoniae genome sequence a two-component system (TCS13, Blp [bacteriocin-like peptide]) which is closely related to quorum-sensing systems regulating cell density-dependent phenotypes such as the development of genetic competence or the production of antimicrobial peptides in lactic acid bacteria. In this study we(More)
Biofilms are communities of surface-attached, matrix-embedded microbial cells that can resist antimicrobial chemotherapy and contribute to persistent infections. Using an Escherichia coli biofilm model we found that exposure of bacteria to subinhibitory concentrations of ribosome-targeting antibiotics leads to strong biofilm induction. We present evidence(More)
The integrity of the bacterial cell wall depends on the balanced action of several peptidoglycan (murein) synthesizing and degrading enzymes. Penicillin inhibits the enzymes responsible for peptide crosslinks in the peptidoglycan polymer. Enzymes that act solely on the glycosidic bonds are insensitive to this antibiotic, thus offering a target for the(More)
In a small percentage of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), ~ an autoant ibody that is reactive with a nuclear antigen in proliferat ing cells (PCNA) has been demons t ra ted (1). Using this autoant ibody as the reagent in immunofluorescence, PCNA was not detected in differentiated, nondividing cells such as renal tubular or g iomerular cells(More)
In bacteria, adaptive responses to environmental stimuli are often initiated by two-component signal transduction systems (TCS). The prototypical TCS comprises two proteins: a histidine kinase (HK, hk) and a response regulator (RR rr). Recent research has suggested that compounds that inhibit two-component systems might have good antibacterial activity. In(More)
The prenyltransferase undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase (di-trans,poly-cis-decaprenylcistransferase; EC 2.5.1.31) was purified from the soluble fraction of Escherichia coli by TSK-DEAE, ceramic hydroxyapatite, TSK-ether, Superdex 200, and heparin-Actigel chromatography. The protein was labeled with the photolabile analogue of the farnesyl pyrophosphate(More)
The penicillin-binding protein 4 (PBP4), from Escherichia coli, a DD-carboxypeptidase/DD-endopeptidase, was purified in an enzymatically active form to homogeneity by affinity chromatography on 6-aminopenicillanic acid/Sepharose and heparin/Sepharose. Polyclonal antibodies raised against the pure protein were used to identify and isolate PBP4 overproducing(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae remains a major causative agent of serious human diseases. The worldwide increase of antibiotic resistant strains revealed the importance of horizontal gene transfer in this pathogen, a scenario that results in the modulation of the species-specific gene pool. We investigated genomic variation in 20 S. pneumoniae isolates(More)