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Gap junctions (GJ) are important regulators of cellular function. They provide channels for the direct movement of small molecules between cells and thus control cell-to-cell transfer of metabolites and the transmission of various stimuli. Gap junctions have been shown to be involved in a multitude of cellular processes ranging from cell synchronization and(More)
Deuterium magnetic resonance spectra (55.26 MHz) of cholesterol-3 alpha-d1 and epicholesterol-3 beta-d1 in dipalmitoylglycerophosphocholine (DPPC) liposomes were measured as a function of sterol-to-phospholipid ratio below (24 degrees C) and above (60 degrees C) the phase transition temperature of DPPC. From the quadrupolar splittings delta vq, the(More)
The interrelationships among sphingolipid structure, membrane curvature, and glycosphingolipid transmembrane distribution remain poorly defined despite the emerging importance of sphingolipids in curved regions and vesicle buds of biomembranes. Here, we describe a novel approach to investigate the transmembrane distribution of galactosylceramide in(More)
Sonication of lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC; 20 mumol/mL) and cholesterol (chol) in aqueous medium produces lamellar structures over a wide range of concentrations. From 25 to 47 mol % cholesterol, electron microscopy (EM) after negative staining showed extended stacklike lamellae about 40 A thick. From 50 to 60 mol % chol, freeze-fracture EM showed(More)
The structural features of SPM that control the transbilayer distribution of beta-GalCer in POPC vesicles were investigated by (13)C- and (31)P-NMR spectroscopy using lipid analogs that share physical similarities with GalCer or SPM. The SPM analogs included N-palmitoyl-4,5-dihydro-SPM, 3-deoxy-SPM, 1-alkyl-2-amidophosphatidylcholine, and(More)
Sonication of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) and 1-palmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (lysoPC, up to approximately 30 mol %) produces small unilamellar vesicles (SUV, 250-265 A diameter). Phosphorus-31 NMR of the POPC/lysoPC vesicles gives rise to four distinct peaks for POPC and lysoPC in the outer and in the inner bilayer(More)
Feeding of lead carbonate to rats causes widespread and reproducible segmental de- and remyelination of myelinated fibers (MFs) of peripheral nerve. Such segmental demyelination might be explained by increased permeability of endoneurial capillaries to serum containing protein-bound lead. The perineurium of control and lead nerves was impermeable to(More)
Novikoff hepatoma cells provide an excellent model system for the study of gap junction assembly, a process that could be influenced by lipids and other factors at numerous points. Since it is possible to alter the cellular levels of cholesterol in these cells, it was added to the cells in serum-supplemented medium and changes in gap junction assembly were(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) monomers or micelles in water give rise to a narrow, isotropic phosphorus-31 NMR signal (40.6 ppm; v1/2 1.7 Hz; 32.2 MHz). Upon addition of praseodymium ions, the phosphorus signals are shifted downfield. However, the downfield shifts for the longer-chain lysophosphatidylcholines, which exist in the aggregated state, are far(More)