Learn More
BACKGROUND Reboxetine is a potent antidepressant, with efficacy comparable to that of imipramine, desipramine, and fluoxetine, and has improved side-effect profile. The basis of its efficacy and improved tolerability is sought through studies of reboxetine in a number of pharmacological models of depression. METHODS Pharmacological selectivity for uptake(More)
A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of educational attainment was conducted in a discovery sample of 101,069 individuals and a replication sample of 25,490. Three independent single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are genome-wide significant (rs9320913, rs11584700, rs4851266), and all three replicate. Estimated effects sizes are small (coefficient of(More)
Using genome-wide data from 253,288 individuals, we identified 697 variants at genome-wide significance that together explained one-fifth of the heritability for adult height. By testing different numbers of variants in independent studies, we show that the most strongly associated ∼2,000, ∼3,700 and ∼9,500 SNPs explained ∼21%, ∼24% and ∼29% of phenotypic(More)
Educational attainment is strongly influenced by social and other environmental factors, but genetic factors are estimated to account for at least 20% of the variation across individuals. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for educational attainment that extends our earlier discovery sample of 101,069 individuals to 293,723(More)
Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip(More)
How did the study come about? Although in the past century mortality in West Germany decreased similarly as in other Western nations, these changes were less pronounced in East Germany. 1,2 After German reunification in 1990, there was a lack of scientifically valid data from East Germany to explain the regional differences in life expectancy and,(More)
TFF-peptides (i.e. TFF1, TFF2, TFF3; formerly P-domain peptides, trefoil factors) have been established as secretory products typical of the gastrointestinal tract. Their synthesis has recently been recognized in a number of mucin-producing epithelial cells, for example, of the respiratory tract, the salivary glands, the uterus and of the conjunctiva. They(More)
Migraine is a common, heterogeneous and heritable neurological disorder. Its pathophysiology is incompletely understood, and its genetic influences at the population level are unknown. In a population-based genome-wide analysis including 5,122 migraineurs and 18,108 non-migraineurs, rs2651899 (1p36.32, PRDM16), rs10166942 (2q37.1, TRPM8) and rs11172113(More)
The German National Cohort (GNC) is a joint interdisciplinary endeavour of scientists from the Helmholtz Association, universities and other German research institutes. Its aim is to investigate the development of major chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, neurodegenerative psychiatric diseases, pulmonary and infectious diseases),(More)