Wolfgang H. Oertel

Learn More
Cerebral dopamine depletion is the hallmark of Parkinson disease. Because dopamine modulates ontogenetic neurogenesis, depletion of dopamine might affect neural precursors in the subependymal zone and subgranular zone of the adult brain. Here we provide ultrastructural evidence showing that highly proliferative precursors in the adult subependymal zone(More)
In order to develop a rodent model displaying a progressive degeneration of the dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra, we bilaterally injected the tracer substance FluoroGold into the terminal field of the nigrostriatal projection, i.e. the striatum. One week later, rats received unilateral injections of 20 micrograms 6-hydroxydopamine into one of the(More)
Many patients with assumed idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) may actually represent an early clinical manifestation of an evolving neurodegenerative disorder, such as the alpha-synucleinopathies, Parkinson's disease or multiple system atrophy. Early detection of these patients is clinically relevant for long-term prospective as well as future(More)
The use of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a model system has been hindered by difficulties encountered in expressing foreign genes. We have synthesised a gene encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) adapted to the codon usage of C. reinhardtii (cgfp). After verifying the gene was functional in Escherichia coli, the cgfp was fused in frame to the phleomycin(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether visual assessment of [123I]-FP-CIT (DaTSCAN, Nycomed Amersham, plc) single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) images can differentiate between parkinsonism and essential tremor (ET). METHODS [123I]-FP-CIT SPECT imaging was conducted in a six-center study of 158 patients with a clinical diagnosis of parkinsonism(More)
The nature and function of previously described perineuronal nets are still obscure. In the present study their polyanionic components were demonstrated in the rat brain using colloidal iron hydroxide (CIH) staining. In subcortical regions, such as the red nucleus, cerebellar, and vestibular nuclei, most neurons were ensheathed by CIH-binding material. In(More)
The mechanisms leading to degeneration of dopaminergic neurons (DNs) in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are not completely understood. Here, we show, in the postmortem human tissue, that these neurons aberrantly express mitosis-associated proteins, including the E2F-1 transcription factor, and appear to duplicate their nuclear(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a degenerative central nervous system disease of unclear origin. Patients affected typically show symptoms attributable to the combined involvement of the extrapyramidal, pyramidal, cerebellar and autonomic nervous systems. At onset patients mostly see a doctor because of extrapyramidal or--more rarely--cerebellar symptoms.(More)
The subventricular zone of the adult primate brain contains neural stem cells that can produce new neurons. Endogenous neurogenesis might therefore be used to replace lost neurons in neurodegenerative diseases. This would require, however, a precise understanding of the molecular regulation of stem cell proliferation and differentiation in vivo. Several(More)
In a case-control study, we investigated the possible etiologic relevance to Parkinson's disease (PD) of rural factors such as farming activity, pesticide exposures, well-water drinking, and animal contacts; toxicologic exposures such as wood preservatives, heavy metals, and solvents; general anesthesia; head trauma; and differences in the intrauterine(More)