Wolfgang Härtig

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Net-like structures surrounding several types of neurones contain glycoconjugates which are detectable by lectins specific for N-acetylgalactosamine. Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA) was introduced as a further marker for the visualization of such perineuronal nets, which were also revealed in regions of the rat brain where these structures could not be(More)
The nature and function of previously described perineuronal nets are still obscure. In the present study their polyanionic components were demonstrated in the rat brain using colloidal iron hydroxide (CIH) staining. In subcortical regions, such as the red nucleus, cerebellar, and vestibular nuclei, most neurons were ensheathed by CIH-binding material. In(More)
Perineuronal nets (PNs) are known as chondroitin sulphate-rich, lattice-like coatings of the extracellular matrix. In the cortex of mammalian species investigated so far, they were mainly found around GABAergic neurons, but to a lesser degree also around pyramidal cells. Previous investigations in the rat revealed similar distribution patterns of(More)
We studied the distribution, morphology, ultrastructure and connectivity of parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons in the entorhinal cortex of the rat. Immunoreactive cell bodies were found in all layers of the entorhinal cortex except layer I. The highest numbers were observed in layers II and III of the dorsal division of the lateral entorhinal area whereas(More)
Lattice-like perineuronal accumulations of extracellular-matrix proteoglycans have been shown to develop during postnatal maturation and to persist throughout life as perineuronal nets (PNs) in many brain regions. However, the dynamics of their reorganization in adults are as yet unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the capability of PNs for(More)
In the human brain, the distribution of perineuronal nets occurring as lattice-like neuronal coatings of extracellular matrix proteoglycans ensheathing several types of non-pyramidal neurons and subpopulations of pyramidal cells in the cerebral cortex is largely unknown. Since proteoglycans are presumably involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease,(More)
Previous lectin-histochemical and immunocytochemical investigations using fixed tissue revealed perineuronal nets as lattice-like accumulations of extracellular matrix proteoglycans at the surface of several types of neurons. In the present study, perineuronal nets in the rat brain were labelled for the first time in vivo by stereotaxic injections of(More)
There is strong evidence for the presence of nucleotide (P2) receptors in sensory neurons, which might play a role in the transmission of pain signals. In contrast, virtually nothing is known about P2 receptors in satellite glial cells (SGCs), which are the main glial cells in sensory ganglia. We investigated the possibility that P2 receptors exist in SGCs(More)
The extracellular matrix glycoprotein tenascin-R (TN-R), colocalizing with hyaluronan, phosphacan, and aggregating chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans in the white and grey matter, is accumulated in perineuronal nets that surround different types of neurons in many brain regions. To characterize the role of TN-R in the formation of perineuronal nets, we(More)
Neurofibrillary pathology [paired helical filaments (PHFs)] formed by the microtubule-associated protein tau in a hyperphosphorylated form is a major hallmark of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. The process of tau phosphorylation, thought to be of critical importance for PHF formation, and its potential link to neurodegeneration, however, is not(More)