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Research on vitality and wound age estimation belongs to the classic fields in forensic medicine. Despite large literature data there is still considerable demand of further research and practical transfer of knowledge and techniques to daily casework. Scientific studies must fulfil basic criteria as to appropriate methods, selection of case material,(More)
Before an exhumation the question of its possible success usually arises. This paper aims to act as an aid by providing comprehensive lists ("expectation catalogues") of morphological and toxicological findings with their corresponding postmortem intervals. All organ systems are included. The results are based on the retrospective evaluation of 46(More)
UNLABELLED The proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) hold important functions in the early and late courses of inflammation, trauma and wound healing. In the present study, human skin wounds due to sharp force (n = 105) were collected during surgery and autopsy. The wound(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines play an important role in the mediation of inflammation and trauma. They could be useful for the determination of vitality and wound age. In the present study, 144 human skin wounds due to sharp force were investigated. The material was collected during operations (N=96) and postmortem examinations (N=48). The wound age varied from(More)
Fibronectin plays an important role in tissue repair and wound healing. Previous literature reports indicated that fibronectin could be a marker of vitality for wounds with a survival time of more than a few minutes. In order to verify these findings were performed immunohistochemical investigations on the expression of fibronectin in incised wounds of(More)
The phenomenon of artificially induced local leucocyte reactions during the supravital period could be of practical importance, but has not yet been comprehensively investigated. For a more detailed evaluation, experiments with the chemotactic agents interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) were performed by(More)
Abuse of anabolic steroids is an increasing problem not only among athletes but also body-builders and teenagers. A fast-developing black market has been established since the opening of the borders to eastern Europe. Medico-legal aspects of doping are addressed with particular reference to toxicology and pathology. Constituents of anabolic steroids bought(More)
Accidents constitute one of the greatest risks to children, yet there are few medical reports that discuss the subject of accidental asphyxia. However, a systematic analysis of all documented cases in Germany over the years 2000-2008 has now been conducted, aiming at identifying patterns of accidental asphyxia, deducing findings, defining avoidance measures(More)
UNLABELLED It is in dispute whether the occurrence of numerous alveolar macrophages and in particular pulmonary giant cells in cases of fatal asphyxia is associated with agonal activation and proliferation. The nature of these alveolar cells was investigated in selected fatalities with protracted final oxygen lack using immunohistochemistry (APAAP method)(More)
Pulmonary histopathology was studied in a group of 106 fatal strangulations including cases of hanging (n = 55; typical, n = 20; atypical, n = 35), ligature strangulation (n = 12), throttling (n = 15), combinations of throttling and ligature strangulation (n = 7) and other compressing force against neck (n = 17). The control group (n = 10) consisted of(More)