Wolfgang Girzalsky

Learn More
Pex14p, an S. cerevisiae peroxin, is attached to the outer face of the peroxisomal membrane and is a component of the protein import machinery. Pex14p interacts with both the PTS1 and PTS2 receptors. It is the only known peroxisomal membrane protein that binds the PTS2 receptor and might thus mediate the membrane docking event of PTS2-dependent protein(More)
Pex13p is the putative docking protein for peroxisomal targeting signal 1 (PTS1)-dependent protein import into peroxisomes. Pex14p interacts with both the PTS1- and PTS2-receptor and may represent the point of convergence of the PTS1- and PTS2-dependent protein import pathways. We report the involvement of Pex13p in peroxisomal import of PTS2-containing(More)
The mechanisms by which peroxisomal membrane proteins (PMPs) are targeted to and inserted into membranes are unknown, as are the required components. We show that among a collection of 16 Saccharomyces cerevisiae peroxisome biogenesis (pex) mutants, two mutants, pex3Delta and pex19Delta, completely lack detectable peroxisomal membrane structures and(More)
We report the identification and molecular characterization of Pex19p, an oleic acid-inducible, farnesylated protein of 39.7 kDa that is essential for peroxisome biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cells lacking Pex19p are characterized by the absence of morphologically detectable peroxisomes and mislocalization of peroxisomal matrix proteins to the(More)
Proteins harbouring a peroxisomal targeting signal of type 1 (PTS1) are recognized by the import receptor Pex5p in the cytosol which directs them to a docking and translocation complex at the peroxisomal membrane. We demonstrate the ubiquitination of Pex5p in cells lacking components of the peroxisomal AAA (ATPases associated with various cellular(More)
Peroxisomes transport folded and oligomeric proteins across their membrane. Two cytosolic import receptors, Pex5p and Pex7p, along with approximately 12 membrane-bound peroxins participate in this process. While interactions among individual peroxins have been described, their organization into functional units has remained elusive. We have purified and(More)
The PTS1-dependent peroxisomal matrix protein import is facilitated by the receptor protein Pex5 and can be divided into cargo recognition in the cytosol, membrane docking of the cargo-receptor complex, cargo release, and recycling of the receptor. The final step is controlled by the ubiquitination status of Pex5. While polyubiquitinated Pex5 is degraded by(More)
Human cortical excitability can be modified by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), but the cellular mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we show that the pattern of delivery of theta-burst stimulation (TBS) (continuous versus intermittent) differently modifies electric activity and protein expression in the rat neocortex. Intermittent TBS(More)
Peroxisomal import receptors bind their cargo proteins in the cytosol and target them to docking and translocation machinery at the peroxisomal membrane (reviewed in ref. 1). The receptors release the cargo proteins into the peroxisomal lumen and, according to the model of cycling receptors, they are supposed to shuttle back to the cytosol. This shuttling(More)
The requirement for small molecule transport systems across the peroxisomal membrane has previously been postulated, but not directly proven. Here we report the identification and functional reconstitution of Ant1p (Ypr128cp), a peroxisomal transporter in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which has the characteristic sequence features of the mitochondrial(More)