Wolfgang Geisser

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BACKGROUND Septic shock leads to increased splanchnic blood flow (Qspl) and oxygen consumption (VO2spl). The increased Qspl, however may not match the splanchnic oxygen demand, resulting in hepatic dysfunction. This concept of ongoing tissue hypoxia that can be relieved by increasing splanchnic oxygen delivery (DO2spl), however, was challenged because most(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate metabolic and calorigenic effects of dopexamine in healthy volunteers. DESIGN Prospective, randomized trial. SETTING Laboratory of the University Department of Anesthesiology. SUBJECTS Eight volunteers. INTERVENTIONS After a control period, dopexamine was administered using four infusion rates (0.75, 1.5, 3.0, and 6.0(More)
To determine the magnitude and time course of adrenergic effects on metabolism in volunteers and possible implications for the use of sympathomimetics in the critically ill. Descriptive laboratory investigation. 7 volunteers. Primed continuous infusions of stable isotope tracers ([15N2]-urea, [6,6-D2]-glucose, [methyl-D3]-L-leucine, [15N]-L-alanine) were(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the frequency of use, placement site, success and misplacement rates, and need for intervention for tube thoracostomies (TTs), and the complications with endotracheal intubation associated with TT in the prehospital setting. METHODS We performed a five-year, retrospective study using the records of 1,065 patients who were admitted(More)
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of norepinephrine (n = 9) and dobutamine (n = 7) on carbohydrate and protein metabolism in healthy volunteers in comparison with a control group (n = 9). Norepinephrine (0.1 microg/kg min), dobutamine (5 microg/kg min), or placebo was infused for 240 min. The plasma concentration of glucose,(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated the influence of propofol/sufentanil anesthesia on metabolic and endocrine responses during, and immediately after, lower abdominal surgery. Twenty otherwise healthy patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy for benign myoma received either continuous infusions of propofol supplemented with sufentanil (0.01 microg. kg(-1).(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the impact of sevoflurane anaesthesia on metabolic and endocrine responses to lower abdominal surgery. METHODS A prospective randomized controlled study in 20 patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either sevoflurane (S) or isoflurane anaesthesia (I). Using a(More)
In critically ill patients adrenergic agonists are used to treat haemodynamic disorders. Their metabolic actions should be considered in controlling metabolic homeostasis. Dopexamine has assumed effects on carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. The aim of this study was to define its metabolic actions and compare these with those of fenoterol by using a(More)
We performed a 5-year, retrospective study using records of 1081 patients admitted to the trauma emergency room at a University Hospital to investigate the occurrence of tracheal tube malpositioning after emergency intubation in both the inpatient and outpatient settings, using chest radiographs and CT scans in the trauma emergency room. Prehospital(More)
OBJECTIVE To use stable isotopes for the analysis of hepatic metabolic pathways (urea synthesis, glucose production), comparing them in alcoholic and normal liver, in order to obtain specific and quantitative information on metabolic functions of the liver. PATIENTS AND METHODS Urea and glucose production as well as alanine metabolism in the liver were(More)