Wolfgang Fritsche

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 A miniscale screening system was developed to detect depolymerizing activities of fungi toward low-rank coals. This system was suitable for the determination of changes in molecular masses as well as for the measurement of the enzymes responsible. A total of 486 fungal strains of different ecophysiological and taxonomic groups were tested for their ability(More)
The direct involvement of manganese peroxidase (MnP) in the mineralization of natural and xenobiotic compounds was evaluated. A broad spectrum of aromatic substances were partially mineralized by the MnP system of the white rot fungus Nematoloma frowardii. The cell-free MnP system partially converted several aromatic compounds, including(More)
Trametes versicolor was shown to produce extracellular laccase during surface cultivation on glucose, wheat straw and beech wood. Growth on both wheat straw and beech wood led to an increase as high as 3.5-fold in extracellular laccase activity, in comparison with growth on glucose. The corresponding yields in fungal biomass reached only about 20% of the(More)
The in vitro depolymerization of humic acids derived from German lignite (low-rank coal, brown coal) was studied using a manganese peroxidase preparation from the white-rot fungus Nematoloma frowardii b19. The H2O2 required was continuously generated by glucose oxidase. Mn peroxidase depolymerized high-molecular-mass humic acids by forming fulvic-acid-like(More)
The degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by a manganese peroxidase crude preparation of Nematoloma forwardii was demonstrated for a mixture of eight different polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and the five individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons phenanthrene, anthracene, pyrene, fluoranthene, and benzo[alpha]pyrene. Oxidation of polycyclic(More)
The production of ligninolytic enzymes was studied in surface cultures of the South American white-rot fungus Nematoloma frowardii b19 and four other strains of this ecophysiological group (Clitocybula dusenii b11, Auricularia sp. m37a, wood isolates u39 and u45), which are able to depolymerize low-rank-coal-derived humic acids with the formation of(More)
A manganese peroxidase preparation from the white-rot fungus Nematoloma frowardii was found to be capable of releasing up to 17% 14CO2 from 14C-labelled synthetic humic substances. The latter were prepared from [U-14C]catechol by spontaneous oxidative polymerization or laccase-catalysed polymerization. The ex-tent of humic substance mineralization was(More)
Microbial cometabolism, i.e. "transformation of a non-growth substrate in the obligate presence of a growth substrate or another transformable compound" (Dalton and Stirling 1982) is a whole-cell phenomenon physiologically based on coupling of different catabolic pathways at the cellular level. It is frequently observed in transformation of xenobiotic(More)
The Penicillium frequentans strain Bi 7/2, using phenol as a sole source of carbon and energy,transformed the fluorinated phenols 2,3-, 2,4-, 2,5-and 3,4-difluorophenol rapidly. After growth on phenol, resting mycelia of the fungus converted the difluorophenols completely at an initial concentration of 0.5 mM within 6 hours. The corresponding difluorinated(More)
Within a screening program, 91 fungal strains belonging to 32 genera of different ecological and taxonomic groups (wood- and litter-decaying basidiomycetes, saprophytic micromycetes) were tested for their ability to metabolize and mineralize 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). All these strains metabolized TNT rapidly by forming monoaminodinitrotoluenes (AmDNT).(More)