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The direct involvement of manganese peroxidase (MnP) in the mineralization of natural and xenobiotic compounds was evaluated. A broad spectrum of aromatic substances were partially mineralized by the MnP system of the white rot fungus Nematoloma frowardii. The cell-free MnP system partially converted several aromatic compounds, including(More)
The degradation of phenanthrene and pyrene was investigated by using five different wood-decaying fungi. After 63 days of incubation in liquid culture, 13.8 and 4.3% of the [ring U-14C]phenantherene and 2.4 and 1.4% of the [4,5,9,10-14C]pyrene were mineralized by Trametes versicolor and Kuehneromyces mutabilis, respectively. No 14CO2 evolution was detected(More)
The effects of growing ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) on the biodegradation of hydrocarbons was studied in laboratory scale soil columns. Degradation of hydrocarbons as well as bacterial numbers, soil respiration rates and soil dehydrogenase activities were determined. In the rhizosphere soil system, aliphatic hydrocarbons disappeared faster than in(More)
Within a screening program, 91 fungal strains belonging to 32 genera of different ecological and taxonomic groups (wood- and litter-decaying basidiomycetes, saprophytic micromycetes) were tested for their ability to metabolize and mineralize 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). All these strains metabolized TNT rapidly by forming monoaminodinitrotoluenes (AmDNT).(More)
The degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by a manganese peroxidase crude preparation of Nematoloma forwardii was demonstrated for a mixture of eight different polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and the five individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons phenanthrene, anthracene, pyrene, fluoranthene, and benzo[alpha]pyrene. Oxidation of polycyclic(More)
Carbon partitioning and residue formation during microbial degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in soil and soil-compost mixtures were examined by using [14C]anthracenes labeled at different positions. In native soil 43.8% of [9-14C]anthracene was mineralized by the autochthonous microflora and 45.4% was transformed into bound residues(More)
Microbial cometabolism, i.e. "transformation of a non-growth substrate in the obligate presence of a growth substrate or another transformable compound" (Dalton and Stirling 1982) is a whole-cell phenomenon physiologically based on coupling of different catabolic pathways at the cellular level. It is frequently observed in transformation of xenobiotic(More)
Sensor networks become more and more important in various application areas and several application scenarios require connectivity between sensor network and the Internet. Especially scenarios of disaster management would benefit from IP-enabled sensor networks, providing a seamless integration in WAN infrastructures without a requirement for deploying(More)
Coronatine-producing and non-producing strains of Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea have been examined. We found a connection between copper resistance and synthesis of coronatine. Published data implied that these properties may be encoded on different plasmids. Production of coronatine and copper resistance were also found to be correlated for pv.(More)