Wolfgang Ehlers

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Finite element models for hydrated soft biological tissue are numerous but often exhibit certain essential deficiencies concerning the reproduction of relevant mechanical and electro-chemical responses. As a matter of fact, singlephasic models can never predict the interstitial fluid flow or related effects like osmosis. Quite a few models have more than(More)
Based on the Theory of Porous Media (mixture theories extended by the concept of volume fractions), a model describing the mechanical behavior of hydrated soft tissues such as articular cartilage is presented. As usual, the tissue will be modeled as a materially incompressible binary medium of one linear viscoelastic porous solid skeleton saturated by a(More)
METHODS AND RESULTS By differential display we isolated a new cDNA-fragment, named C13, that is downregulated in malignant prostate tissues. Northern hybridization revealed the fragment to be part of 3.0 and 4.4 kb mRNAs. Fluorescence in situ hybridization, Southern blotting and radiation hybrid mapping demonstrated a chromosomal localization of C13 on(More)
Human brain tissue is complex and multi-component in nature. It consists of an anisotropic hyperelastic solid material composed of tissue cells and blood vessel walls. Brain tissue is permeated by two viscous pore liquids, the interstitial fluid and the blood. Both liquids are mobile within the tissue and exhibit a significant anisotropic perfusion(More)
We present a new concept for the realization of finite element computations on parallel machines with distributed memory. The parallel programming model is based on a dynamic data structure addressed by points. All geometric objects (cells, faces, edges) are referenced by their midpoints, and all algebraic data structures (vectors and matrices) are tied to(More)
Determining the internal dynamics of the human spine's biological structure is one essential step that allows enhanced understanding of spinal degeneration processes. The unavailability of internal load figures in other methods highlights the importance of the forward dynamics approach as the most powerful approach to examine the internal degeneration of(More)
An infant with congenital homozygous factor XIII deficiency demonstrated a severe retroperitoneal and intracerebral bleeding with development of a posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in the first months of life. Factor XIII activity was not measurable by means of enzymatic method and the antiserum inhibition test. Quantitative immunoelectrophoresis according to(More)
At present, there are two main numerical approaches that are frequently used to simulate the mechanical behaviour of the human spine. Researchers with a continuum-mechanical background often utilise the finite-element method (FEM), where the involved biological soft and hard tissues are modelled on a macroscopic (continuum) level. In contrast, groups(More)