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The hormone erythropoietin (Epo) maintains red blood cell mass by promoting the survival, proliferation and differentiation of erythrocytic progenitors. Circulating Epo originates mainly from fibroblasts in the renal cortex. Epo production is controlled at the transcriptional level. Hypoxia attenuates the inhibition of the Epo promoter by GATA-2. More(More)
Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is the master regulator of metabolic adaptation to hypoxia. It is appreciated that HIF-1alpha accumulation is achieved under normoxic conditions by e.g., nitric oxide. We determined molecular mechanisms of HIF-1alpha accumulation under the impact of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO). In human embryonic kidney cells GSNO provoked(More)
Antibody-mediated pure red cell aplasia is a very rare but devastating condition affecting patients receiving treatment with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. New cases continue to emerge, generally in clusters, consistent with an 'environmental' trigger to its pathogenesis. Defining the causes of antibody-mediated pure red cell aplasia is clearly of(More)
Blood platelets are here presented as active players in antimicrobial host defense and the induction of inflammation and tissue repair in addition to their participation in hemostasis. Megakaryopoiesis is inhibited after acute infection with viruses or bacteria. In contrast, chronic inflammation is often associated with reactive thrombocytosis. Platelets(More)
The glycoprotein hormone erythropoietin (EPO) is an essential viability and growth factor for the erythrocytic progenitors. EPO is mainly produced in the kidneys. EPO gene expression is induced by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF). The principal representative of the HIF-family (HIF-1, -2 and -3) is HIF-1, which is composed of an O2-labile(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor1 (HIF-1) is an essential transcription factor for cellular adaptation to decreased oxygen availability. In normoxia the oxygen-sensitive alpha-subunit of HIF-1 is hydroxylated on Pro564 and Pro402 and thus targeted for proteasomal degradation. Three human oxygen-dependent HIF-1 alpha prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1, PHD2, and PHD3)(More)
In this prospective study the concentration of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was followed in 10 patients with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after ovarian stimulation and in 15 patients without OHSS. VEGF was assayed by means of two different commercially available kits as either free or total VEGF in serum. The(More)
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has become the standard therapy for treatment of the anaemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) during the past two decades. In addition, rHuEPO can be indicated for the treatment of cancer patients on chemotherapy and surgical patients to avoid allogeneic red blood cell transfusion. This review first describes recent(More)
The most common cause of an increase of the hematocrit is secondary to elevated erythropoietin levels. Erythrocytosis is assumed to cause higher blood viscosity that could put the cardiovascular system at hemodynamic and rheological risks. Secondary erythrocytosis results from tissue hypoxia, and one can hardly define what cardiovascular consequences are(More)
Erythropoietin (Epo) therapy reduces red cell transfusion requirements and improves the quality of life of anemic cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. However, there is concern that Epo may promote tumor growth. We investigated by real-time RT-PCR, immunofluorescence microscopy, Western blotting and cell growth analysis whether human cancer cell lines(More)