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Ligand binding to myoglobin in aqueous solution involves two kinetic components, one extramolecular and one intramolecular, which have been interpreted in terms of two sequential kinetic barriers. In mixed solvents and sub-zero temperatures, the outer barrier increases and the inner barrier splits into several components, giving rise to fast intramolecular(More)
The cytoplasm of red blood cells is congested with the oxygen storage protein hemoglobin occupying a quarter of the cell volume. The high protein concentration leads to a reduced mobility; the self-diffusion coefficient of hemoglobin in blood cells is six times lower than in dilute solution. This effect is generally assigned to excluded volume effects in(More)
Structural fluctuations in proteins on the picosecond timescale have been studied in considerable detail by theoretical methods such as molecular dynamics simulation, but there exist very few experimental data with which to test the conclusions. We have used the technique of inelastic neutron scattering to investigate atomic motion in hydrated myoglobin(More)
The Mössbauer effect of 57Fe-enriched samples was used to investigate the coupling of 80% sucrose/water, a protein-stabilizing solvent, to vibrational and diffusive modes of the heme iron of CO-myoglobin. For comparison we also determined the Mössbauer spectra of K4 57Fe (CN)6 (potassium ferrocyanide, PFC), where the iron is fully exposed in the same(More)
Casein proteins belong to the class of natively disordered proteins. The existence of disordered biologically active proteins questions the assumption that a well-folded structure is required for function. A hypothesis generally put forward is that the unstructured nature of these proteins results from the functional need of a higher flexibility. This(More)
The bactericidal effect of hydrostatic pressure is reduced when bacteria are suspended in media with high osmolarity. To elucidate mechanisms responsible for the baroprotective effect of ionic and nonionic solutes, Lactococcus lactis was treated with pressures ranging from 200 to 600 MPa in a low-osmolarity buffer or with buffer containing 0.5 M sucrose or(More)
The geminate recombination kinetics of CO-myoglobin strongly deviates from single exponential behavior in contrast to what is expected for unimolecular reactions (1). At low temperatures, this result was attributed to slowly exchanging conformational states which differ substantially in barrier height for ligand binding. Above 160 K the kinetics apparently(More)
The association of dioxygen and carbon monoxide to soybean leghemoglobin (Lb) has been studied by laser flash photolysis at temperatures from 10 to 320 K and times from 50 ns to 100 s. Infrared spectra of the bound and the photodissociated state were investigated between 10 and 20 K. The general features of the binding process in leghemoglobin are similar(More)