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Ligand binding to myoglobin in aqueous solution involves two kinetic components, one extramolecular and one intramolecular, which have been interpreted in terms of two sequential kinetic barriers. In mixed solvents and sub-zero temperatures, the outer barrier increases and the inner barrier splits into several components, giving rise to fast intramolecular(More)
The cytoplasm of red blood cells is congested with the oxygen storage protein hemoglobin occupying a quarter of the cell volume. The high protein concentration leads to a reduced mobility; the self-diffusion coefficient of hemoglobin in blood cells is six times lower than in dilute solution. This effect is generally assigned to excluded volume effects in(More)
Structural fluctuations in proteins on the picosecond timescale have been studied in considerable detail by theoretical methods such as molecular dynamics simulation, but there exist very few experimental data with which to test the conclusions. We have used the technique of inelastic neutron scattering to investigate atomic motion in hydrated myoglobin(More)
Casein proteins belong to the class of natively disordered proteins. The existence of disordered biologically active proteins questions the assumption that a well-folded structure is required for function. A hypothesis generally put forward is that the unstructured nature of these proteins results from the functional need of a higher flexibility. This(More)
The Mössbauer effect of 57Fe-enriched samples was used to investigate the coupling of 80% sucrose/water, a protein-stabilizing solvent, to vibrational and diffusive modes of the heme iron of CO-myoglobin. For comparison we also determined the Mössbauer spectra of K4 57Fe (CN)6 (potassium ferrocyanide, PFC), where the iron is fully exposed in the same(More)
The geminate recombination kinetics of CO-myoglobin strongly deviates from single exponential behavior in contrast to what is expected for unimolecular reactions (1). At low temperatures, this result was attributed to slowly exchanging conformational states which differ substantially in barrier height for ligand binding. Above 160 K the kinetics apparently(More)
Polarization analysis was used to separate experimentally the coherent and spin-incoherent nuclear static scattering functions, from a representative set of samples of interest for protein studies. This method had so far limited application in the study of amorphous materials, despite the relevance of the information that it provides. It allows, for(More)
The statistical properties of fast protein-water motions are analyzed by dynamic neutron scattering experiments. Using isotopic exchange, one probes either protein or water hydrogen displacements. A moment analysis of the scattering function in the time domain yields model-independent information such as time-resolved mean square displacements and the(More)