Wolfgang Doster

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Structural fluctuations in proteins on the picosecond timescale have been studied in considerable detail by theoretical methods such as molecular dynamics simulation, but there exist very few experimental data with which to test the conclusions. We have used the technique of inelastic neutron scattering to investigate atomic motion in hydrated myoglobin(More)
The statistical properties of fast protein-water motions are analyzed by dynamic neutron scattering experiments. Using isotopic exchange, one probes either protein or water hydrogen displacements. A moment analysis of the scattering function in the time domain yields model-independent information such as time-resolved mean square displacements and the(More)
Ligand binding to myoglobin in aqueous solution involves two kinetic components, one extramolecular and one intramolecular, which have been interpreted in terms of two sequential kinetic barriers. In mixed solvents and sub-zero temperatures, the outer barrier increases and the inner barrier splits into several components, giving rise to fast intramolecular(More)
The contribution of hydrogen bonds to protein-solvent interactions and their impact on structural flexibility and dynamics of myoglobin are discussed. The shift of vibrational peak frequencies with the temperature of myoglobin in sucrose/water and glycerol/water solutions is used to probe the expansion of the hydrogen bond network. We observe a(More)
The water of hydration in myoglobin crystals and solutions was studied at subzero temperatures by calorimetry and infrared spectroscopy (ir). For comparison we also investigated glycine, DL-alanine and DL-valine solutions. The hydration water remains amorphous at low temperatures. We find a broad glass transition between 180 and 270 K depending on the(More)
The paper describes the design and the optimization of a contextual postprocessing system (CPPS) operating in combination with a multiple-choice single-character recognition system (SCRS). The CPPS is part of the automatic postal-address reading machine for the Federal German Postal Service. The CPPS uses a dictionary of about 16 000 entries. An identity(More)
The bactericidal effect of hydrostatic pressure is reduced when bacteria are suspended in media with high osmolarity. To elucidate mechanisms responsible for the baroprotective effect of ionic and nonionic solutes, Lactococcus lactis was treated with pressures ranging from 200 to 600 MPa in a low-osmolarity buffer or with buffer containing 0.5 M sucrose or(More)
The dynamics of hydrated proteins and of protein crystals can be studied within a wide temperature range, since the water of hydration does not crystallize at low temperature. Instead it turns into an amorphous glassy state below 200 K. Extending the temperature range facilitates the spectral separation of different molecular processes. The conformational(More)
The cytoplasm of red blood cells is congested with the oxygen storage protein hemoglobin occupying a quarter of the cell volume. The high protein concentration leads to a reduced mobility; the self-diffusion coefficient of hemoglobin in blood cells is six times lower than in dilute solution. This effect is generally assigned to excluded volume effects in(More)