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Structural fluctuations in proteins on the picosecond timescale have been studied in considerable detail by theoretical methods such as molecular dynamics simulation, but there exist very few experimental data with which to test the conclusions. We have used the technique of inelastic neutron scattering to investigate atomic motion in hydrated myoglobin(More)
Ligand binding to myoglobin in aqueous solution involves two kinetic components, one extramolecular and one intramolecular, which have been interpreted in terms of two sequential kinetic barriers. In mixed solvents and sub-zero temperatures, the outer barrier increases and the inner barrier splits into several components, giving rise to fast intramolecular(More)
The cytoplasm of red blood cells is congested with the oxygen storage protein hemoglobin occupying a quarter of the cell volume. The high protein concentration leads to a reduced mobility; the self-diffusion coefficient of hemoglobin in blood cells is six times lower than in dilute solution. This effect is generally assigned to excluded volume effects in(More)
The contribution of hydrogen bonds to protein-solvent interactions and their impact on structural flexibility and dynamics of myoglobin are discussed. The shift of vibrational peak frequencies with the temperature of myoglobin in sucrose/water and glycerol/water solutions is used to probe the expansion of the hydrogen bond network. We observe a(More)
The Mössbauer effect of 57Fe-enriched samples was used to investigate the coupling of 80% sucrose/water, a protein-stabilizing solvent, to vibrational and diffusive modes of the heme iron of CO-myoglobin. For comparison we also determined the Mössbauer spectra of K4 57Fe (CN)6 (potassium ferrocyanide, PFC), where the iron is fully exposed in the same(More)
The bactericidal effect of hydrostatic pressure is reduced when bacteria are suspended in media with high osmolarity. To elucidate mechanisms responsible for the baroprotective effect of ionic and nonionic solutes, Lactococcus lactis was treated with pressures ranging from 200 to 600 MPa in a low-osmolarity buffer or with buffer containing 0.5 M sucrose or(More)
Casein proteins belong to the class of natively disordered proteins. The existence of disordered biologically active proteins questions the assumption that a well-folded structure is required for function. A hypothesis generally put forward is that the unstructured nature of these proteins results from the functional need of a higher flexibility. This(More)
The geminate recombination kinetics of CO-myoglobin strongly deviates from single exponential behavior in contrast to what is expected for unimolecular reactions (1). At low temperatures, this result was attributed to slowly exchanging conformational states which differ substantially in barrier height for ligand binding. Above 160 K the kinetics apparently(More)