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The archetypal human tumor suppressor p53 is considered to have unique transactivation properties. The assumption is based on the fact that additionally identified human p53 isoforms lack transcriptional activity. However, we provide evidence for the existence of an alternatively spliced p53 isoform (Deltap53) that exerts its transcriptional activity(More)
The p53-targeted kinases casein kinase 1delta (CK1delta) and casein kinase 1epsilon (CK1epsilon) have been proposed to be involved in regulating DNA repair and chromosomal segregation. Recently, we showed that CK1delta localizes to the spindle apparatus and the centrosomes in cells with mitotic failure caused by DNA-damage prior to mitotic entry. We provide(More)
Following genotoxic stress, p53 either rescues a damaged cell or promotes its elimination. The parameters determining a specific outcome of the p53 response are largely unknown. In mouse fibroblasts treated with different irradiation schemes, we monitored transcriptional and non-transcriptional p53 activities and identified determinants that initiate an(More)
The dominant oncogenic properties of mutant p53 have been recognized as a phenomenon associated with tumor progression a long time ago, even before it was realized that the major function of wild type p53 is that of a tumor suppressor. Recent advances in this fascinating area in tumor cell biology reveal that the community of mutant p53 proteins is(More)
Metabolic labeling of primate cells revealed the existence of phosphorylated and hypophosphorylated DNA polymerase alpha-primase (Pol-Prim) populations that are distinguishable by monoclonal antibodies. Cell cycle studies showed that the hypophosphorylated form was found in a complex with PP2A and cyclin E-Cdk2 in G1, whereas the phosphorylated enzyme was(More)
Analyses of the different structural systems of the nucleus and the proteins associated with them pose many problems. Because these systems are largely overlapping, in situ localization studies that preserve the in vivo location of proteins and cellular structures often are not satisfactory. In contrast, biochemical cell fractionation may provide(More)
In this review we describe the multiple functions of p53 in response to DNA damage, with an emphasis on p53's role in DNA repair. We summarize data demonstrating that p53, through its various biochemical activities and via its ability to interact with components of the repair and recombination machinery, actively participates in various processes of DNA(More)
When growth-arrested mouse fibroblasts re-entered the cell-cycle, the rise in tumour suppressor p53 mRNA level markedly preceded the rise in expression of the p53 protein. Furthermore, gamma-irradiation of such cells led to a rapid increase in p53 protein biosynthesis even in the presence of the transcription inhibitor actinomycin D. Both findings strongly(More)
This study describes a tumor progression model for ductal pancreatic cancer in mice overexpressing TGF-alpha. Activation of Ras and Erk causes induction of cyclin D1-Cdk4 without increase of cyclin E or PCNA in ductal lesions. Thus, TGF-alpha is able to promote progression throughout G1, but not S phase. Crossbreeding with p53 null mice accelerates tumor(More)
Sequence-specific transactivation of target genes is one of the most important molecular properties of the tumor suppressor p53. Binding of p53 to its target DNAs is tightly regulated, with modifications in the carboxy-terminal regulatory domain of the p53 protein playing an important role. In this study we examined the possible influence of DNA structure(More)