Wolfgang Birkfellner

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PURPOSE Two of the main challenges associated with electromagnetic (EM) tracking in computer-assisted interventions (CAIs) are (1) the compensation of systematic distance errors arising from the influence of metal near the field generator (FG) or the tracked sensor and (2) the optimized setup of the FG to maximize tracking accuracy in the area of interest.(More)
This paper defines a simple protocol for competitive and quantified evaluation of electromagnetic tracking systems such as the NDI Aurora (A) and Ascension microBIRD with dipole transmitter (B). It establishes new methods and a new phantom design which assesses the reproducibility and allows comparability with different tracking systems in a consistent(More)
Medical devices equipped with position sensors enable applications like image guided surgical interventions, reconstruction of three-dimensional 3D ultrasound (US) images, and virtual or augmented reality systems. The acquisition of three-dimensional position data in real time is one of the key technologies in this field. The systematic distortions induced(More)
The purpose of this paper was to assess to what extent an optical tracking system (OTS) used for position determination in computer-aided surgery (CAS) can be enhanced by combining it with a direct current (dc) driven electromagnetic tracking system (EMTS). The main advantage of the EMTS is the fact that it is not dependent on a free line-of-sight.(More)
In this study a computer aided navigation technique for accurate positioning of oral implants was assessed. An optical tracking system with specially designed tools for monitoring the position of surgical instruments relative to the patient was used to register 5 partially or completely edentulous jaw models. Besides the accuracy of the tracking system, the(More)
Object tracking is a key enabling technology in the context of computer-assisted medical interventions. Allowing the continuous localization of medical instruments and patient anatomy, it is a prerequisite for providing instrument guidance to subsurface anatomical structures. The only widely used technique that enables real-time tracking of small objects(More)
This study aims at a comparative evaluation of two recently introduced electromagnetic tracking systems under reproducible simulated operating-room (OR) conditions: the recently launched Medtronic StealthStation, Treon-EM and the NDI Aurora. We investigate if and to what extent these systems provide improved performance and stability in the presence of(More)
Computer-aided surgery (CAS), the intraoperative application of biomedical visualization techniques, appears to be one of the most promising fields of application for augmented reality (AR), the display of additional computer-generated graphics over a real-world scene. Typically a device such as a head-mounted display (HMD) is used for AR. However,(More)
3D/2D registration, the automatic assignment of a global rigid-body transformation matching the coordinate systems of patient and preoperative volume scan using projection images, is an important topic in image-guided therapy and radiation oncology. A crucial part of most 3D/2D registration algorithms is the fast computation of digitally rendered(More)
Registration of single slices from FluoroCT, CineMR, or interventional magnetic resonance imaging to three dimensional (3D) volumes is a special aspect of the two-dimensional (2D)/3D registration problem. Rather than digitally rendered radiographs (DRR), single 2D slice images obtained during interventional procedures are compared to oblique reformatted(More)