Wolfgang Bernhard

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As birds have tubular lungs that do not contain alveoli, avian surfactant predominantly functions to maintain airflow in tubes rather than to prevent alveolar collapse. Consequently, we have evaluated structural, biochemical, and functional parameters of avian surfactant as a model for airway surfactant in the mammalian lung. Surfactant was isolated from(More)
Despite their broad clinical use, there is no standardized comparative study on the functional, biochemical, and morphologic differences of the various commercial surfactants in relation to native surfactant. We investigated these parameters in Alveofact, Curosurf, Exosurf, and Survanta, and compared them with native bovine (NBS) and porcine (NPS)(More)
Alveolar surfactant is well known for its ability to reduce minimal surface tension at the alveolar air-liquid interface to values below 5 mN/m. In addition, it has been suggested that an analogous conductive airway surfactant is also present in the airways. To elucidate the composition, possible origin, and surface activity of conductive airway(More)
Pulmonary surfactant, a complex mixture of lipids and proteins, lowers the surface tension in terminal air spaces and is crucial for lung function. Within an animal species, surfactant composition can be influenced by development, disease, respiratory rate, and/or body temperature. Here, we analyzed the composition of surfactant in three heterothermic(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Oxidative stress and micronutrient deficiencies have been related to lower birth weight (BW), small for gestational age (SGA) offspring and preterm delivery. SUBJECTS/METHODS The relation between neonatal outcome (BW, head circumference, SGA, preterm delivery) with markers of oxidative stress and micronutrients in maternal and cord(More)
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis by the direct cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP-choline) pathway in rat liver generates predominantly mono- and di-unsaturated molecular species, while polyunsaturated PC species are synthesized largely by the phosphatidylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PEMT) pathway. Although altered PC synthesis has been suggested to(More)
Surfactant reduces surface tension at the air-liquid interface of lung alveoli. While dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (PC16:0/ 16:0) is its main component, proteins and other phospholipids contribute to the dynamic properties and homeostasis of alveolar surfactant. Among these components are significant amounts of palmitoylmyristoylphosphatidylcholine(More)
Surfactant composition and function differ between vertebrates, depending on pulmonary anatomy and respiratory physiology. Because pulmonary development in pigs is similar to that in humans, we investigated surface tension function, composition of phospholipid molecular species, and concentrations of surfactant protein (SP)-A to -D in term newborn pigs (NP)(More)
Mouse models for cystic fibrosis (CF) mimic intestinal manifestations of the human disease, but the lung disease phenotypes are lacking in most strains. In this work, the issue was addressed whether aging of the respiratory tract leads to lung pathophysiology in the exon 10 insertional mutant cftr(tm1Hgu) mouse. Weight gain, body weight and life-span of(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive pulmonary dysfunction is a characteristic symptom of cystic fibrosis (CF) and is associated with functional impairment and biochemical alterations of surfactant phospholipids in the airways. However, the fundamental question of whether surfactant alterations in the CF lung are secondary to the pulmonary damage or are present before(More)