Learn More
The possibilities for the extension of spectroscopy to two dimensions are discussed. Applications to nuclear magnetic resonance are described. The basic theory of two-dimensional spectroscopy is developed. Numerous possible applications are mentioned and some of them treated in detail, including the elucidation of energy level diagrams, the observation of(More)
Phosphorus-31 NMR spectra have been obtained from a variety of synthetic, solid calcium phosphate mineral phases by magic angle sample spinning. The samples include crystalline hydroxyapatite, two type B carbonatoapatites containing 3.2 and 14.5% CO3(2-), respectively, a hydroxyapatite in which approximately 12% of the phosphate groups are present as(More)
Phosphomonoesters were measured in the developing rat brain by in vivo and in vitro 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and by classical biochemical methods. In vitro NMR showed that the main component of the phosphomonoester peak is phosphorylethanolamine. Phosphomonoesters measured by in vivo NMR decreased during development at the same rate(More)
Phosphorus-31 magic angle sample spinning NMR spectra have been employed to investigate the structure and composition of the mineral deposits in chicken bone. Three different pulse sequences, Bloch decay, cross-polarization, and dipolar suppression, were employed to obtain spectra from bone specimens of varying age. These were compared to the spectra(More)
Cerebral high energy phosphates were studied in the intact rabbit brain using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The effect of hypothermia on degradation kinetics in total ischemia due to circulatory arrest was examined, measuring phosphocreatine, adenosine triphosphate, and inorganic phosphate as a function of time at three different temperatures(More)
Energy metabolism of calf muscle was assessed non-invasively by phosphorus (31P) NMR spectroscopy in eleven patients with symptomatic arterial occlusion and in seven matched controls. Phosphocreatine (PCr) content and pH values decreased during non-ischaemic foot exercise to lower values in severely afflicted patients but in all patients, as a group, they(More)
In vivo 31P-NMR was used to measure the effects of the anti-tumor drug adriamycin on the energy metabolism of rat heart. The exclusive acquisition of NMR signal from cardiac muscle was assured by positioning a solenoidal radio-frequency NMR coil around the heart. Appropriate control experiments verified that 31P-NMR spectra solely originated from this(More)
Fifteen patients with noninfectious arthritis and morning stiffness were examined clinically, and with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the metacarpophalangeal level of one hand in the evening and early the following morning. Our purpose was to determine the prevalence of hand flexor tenosynovitis, and to look for diurnal changes in the swelling state of(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and spectroscopy, chemical lactate measurements, and microscopic examinations were performed to investigate acute renal ischemia in rats. MR images (1H) and spectra (31P and 1H) were acquired on a 2.0-T superconducting small-bore magnet by using implanted coils. Occlusion of the renal artery induced a significant decrease in(More)
High-resolution P-31 MR spectra were obtained in four patients with bone tumors of their distal extremities. In one case the tumor, a Ewing sarcoma of the tibia, was investigated during clinical remission after radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The other three cases - one low-grade chondrosarcoma of the tibial head, one malignant fibrous histiocytoma of(More)