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The 2 f1-f2 distortion product otoacoustic emission (DP) was measured in 20 normal hearing subjects and 15 patients with moderate cochlear hearing loss and compared to the pure-tone hearing threshold, measured with the same probe system at the f2 frequencies. DPs were elicited over a wide primary tone level range between L2 = 20 and 65 dB SPL. With(More)
The suppression tuning properties of the 2 f1-f2 distortion-product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) were measured in 16 ears of normally hearing human subjects. DPOAE were elicited by fixed, low-level primary tones in four frequency regions with the second primary tone frequency f2 at 1, 2, 4, and 6 kHz. For various suppressor frequencies, suppression of the(More)
Eleven patients suffering from chronic disabling tinnitus underwent an FDG-PET study (positron emission tomography with [18F]deoxyglucose). Nine tinnitus patients revealed a significantly increased metabolic activity in the left, 1 in the right primary auditory cortex (PAC, Brodmann area 41). These results were statistically significant when compared to 14(More)
Ototoxicity of salicylate is accompanied by a temporary hearing loss and tinnitus and has therefore been used to study tinnitus in animal models. Salicylate induced elevated central auditory activity has been interpreted as a correlate of tinnitus. Whether this elevated activity in the central auditory system is due to an increased activity in the auditory(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) consists of administration of blood flow-promoting drugs with or without the addition of glucocorticoids. General guidelines based on scientific data do not currently exist. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of glucocorticoids on the treatment of SSNHL. SETTING Academic medical center.(More)
Previous studies described a systematic asymmetry of the level of the 2f(1)-f(2) distortion product otoacoustic emission (DP) in the space of the primary tones levels L(1) and L(2) in normal-hearing humans. Optimal primary tone level separations L(1)-L(2), which result in maximum DP levels, were close to L(1)=L(2) at high levels, but continuously increased(More)
The glutamatergic synapses between inner hair cells and afferent neurons seem to be involved in pathophysiological conditions of the cochlea. The excessive release of glutamate from inner hair cells during noise trauma and ischemia affects the afferent neurons. It is possible that in tinnitus outer hair cell or inner hair cell dysfunction or damage leads to(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool to induce loss-of-function phenotypes by inhibiting gene expression post-transcriptionally. Synthetic short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) as well as vector-based siRNA expression systems have been used successfully to silence gene expression in a variety of biological systems. We describe the development of an(More)
The effect of blood flow promoting drugs, such as hydroxyethyl starch (HES) either of low or high molecular weight (HES 70, HES 200), pentoxifylline, ginkgo biloba, naftidrofuryl and betahistine, and various combinations of the drugs was studied in unexposed and noise-exposed (broad-band noise, bandwidth 1-12 kHz, 106 dB SPL, 30 min) guinea pigs. The(More)
Distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) growth functions reflect the active nonlinear cochlear sound processing when using a primary-tone setting which accounts for the different compressions of the two primaries at the DPOAE generation site and hence provide a measure for objectively assessing cochlear sensitivity and compression. DPOAE thresholds(More)