Wolfgang Ahrens

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Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with over one million cases annually. To identify genetic factors that modify disease risk, we conducted a genome-wide association study by analysing 317,139 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 1,989 lung cancer cases and 2,625 controls from six central European countries. We identified a locus(More)
BACKGROUND The European IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) study was set up to determine the aetiology of overweight, obesity and related disorders in children, and to develop and evaluate a tailored primary prevention programme. OBJECTIVE This paper focuses on the aetiological(More)
OBJECTIVES To construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU). METHODS A database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of(More)
BACKGROUND An association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and lung cancer risk has been suggested. To evaluate this possible association better, researchers need more precise estimates of risk, the relative contribution of different sources of ETS, and the effect of ETS exposure on different histologic types of lung cancer. To address(More)
Cigarette smoking is a cause of lung cancer and other respiratory diseases. Oxidants either present in cigarette smoke and/or formed in the lung of smokers may trigger oxidative and nitrative damage to DNA and cellular components, contributing to carcinogenesis. We have used immunodot and Western blot analyses to measure nitrated (nitrotyrosine-containing)(More)
BACKGROUND Several toxicologic and epidemiologic studies have produced evidence that occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) is a risk factor for ischemic heart disease (IHD). However, a clear exposure-response relation has not been demonstrated. METHODS We studied a relation between exposure to PAH and mortality from IHD (418(More)
A hospital-based case-control study of laryngeal cancer was conducted in Bremen in 1986 and 1987 with 100 prevalent male laryngeal cancer patients and 100 male hospital controls with diseases not considered to be related to smoking, alcohol, or occupational exposures, who were frequency matched by age. The odds ratio for heavy smoking (more than 30(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the reproducibility of food consumption frequencies derived from the food frequency section of the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire (CEHQ-FFQ) that was developed and used in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) project to assess food habits in 2-(More)
Occupational exposures such as crystalline silica, diesel engine exhaust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and man-made mineral fibers are strongly suspected to increase lung cancer risk. Two case-control studies in Germany conducted between 1988 and 1996 were pooled for a joint analysis. A total of 3,498 male cases and 3,541 male population controls,(More)
BACKGROUND Increased preference for fat and sugar may have a role in overweight and obesity development. However, this effect is likely to vary across different food cultures. To date, few studies on this topic have been conducted in children and none have employed an international, multi-centre design. OBJECTIVE To document taste preferences for fat and(More)