Wolfgag Schmahl

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Mice deficient for the major lysosomal aspartic proteinase cathepsin D, generated by gene targeting, develop normally during the first 2 weeks, stop thriving in the third week and die in a state of anorexia at day 26 +/- 1. An atrophy of the ileal mucosa first observed in the third week progresses towards widespread intestinal necroses accompanied by(More)
Lysosomal cysteine proteinases of the papain family are involved in lysosomal bulk proteolysis, major histocompatibility complex class II mediated antigen presentation, prohormone processing, and extracellular matrix remodeling. Cathepsin L (CTSL) is a ubiquitously expressed major representative of the papain-like family of cysteine proteinases. To(More)
Phenotype-based mutagenesis experiments will increase the mouse mutant resource, generating mutations at previously unmarked loci as well as extending the allelic series at known loci. Mapping, molecular characterization, and phenotypic analysis of nine independent Pax6 mutations of the mouse recovered in mutagenesis experiments is presented. Seven(More)
Viable mice nullizygous in genes encoding the 300 kDa and the 46 kDa mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPR 300 and MPR 46) and the insulin like growth factor II (IGF II) were generated to study the trafficking of lysosomal enzymes in the absence of MPRs. The mice have an I-cell disease-like phenotype, with increase of lysosomal enzymes in serum and normal(More)
The neu/c-erbB-2 oncogene encodes a 185 kd transmembrane protein (p185). Here we have used the monoclonal antibody (mAb) 3B5 to determine the expression of p185 in a series of fixed biopsy specimens of 180 human brain tumors, including the most frequent entities and, in addition, 18 recurrent gliomas with malignant progression. In summary, 3B5(More)
Wistar rats were treated in utero on day 16 of gestation either by X-irradiation (1 and 2 Gy), N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU, 50 mg/kg), or both in combination. The O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AT) activity of the fetal brain and liver was analyzed and long-term observations were made to reveal any relationship between the O6-ethylguanine repair(More)
Mice were X-irradiated on day 15 of gestation with 0.2, 0.4, 0.8 or 1.6 Gy. Offspring were reared by their mothers and divided into two subgroups at an age of 21 days, one subgroup receiving a single dose (45 mg/kg) of ethylnitrosourea (ENU). All animals were kept ultimately until 22 months to register the long-term tumour pattern. The carcinogenic effects(More)
Cultured Japanese quail embryos were treated with various doses of dexamethasone on day 2 and in part also on day 5. The treatment lead to a significant delay of development. This was demonstrated by means of developmental (growth rate, developmental stage), histological and metabolic (excreted uric acid, protein synthesis) parameters. The effect was(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI) is a lysosomal storage disease with autosomal recessive inheritance caused by a deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase B (ASB), which is involved in degradation of dermatan sulfate and chondroitin 4-sulfate. A MPS VI mouse model was generated by targeted disruption of the ASB gene. Homozygous mutant animals exhibit ASB(More)