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Recent in vitro studies have shown that acetylcholine (ACh) selectively reduces the efficacy of lateral cortical connections via a muscarinic mechanism, while boosting the efficacy of thalamocortical/feed-forward connections via a nicotinic mechanism. This suggests that high levels of ACh should reduce center-surround interactions of neurons in primary(More)
Cortical processing is strongly influenced by the actions of neuromodulators such as acetylcholine (ACh). Early studies in anaesthetized cats argued that acetylcholine can cause a sharpening of orientation tuning functions and an improvement of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of neuronal responses in primary visual cortex (V1). Recent in vitro studies have(More)
Here we present a high-resolution functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) dataset - 20 participants recorded at high field strength (7 Tesla) during prolonged stimulation with an auditory feature film ("Forrest Gump"). In addition, a comprehensive set of auxiliary data (T1w, T2w, DTI, susceptibility-weighted image, angiography) as well as measurements to(More)
Perception of constant motion has been extensively studied both psychophysically and physiologically, but the human ability to detect dynamic changes in motion, such as rapid speed changes, is only poorly characterized and understood. Yet, perception and representation of such dynamic changes is of strong behavioral relevance, as illustrated by their(More)
Spatial contextual cueing reflects an incidental form of learning that occurs when spatial distractor configurations are repeated in visual search displays. Recently, it was reported that the efficiency of contextual cueing can be modulated by reward. We replicated this behavioral finding and investigated its neural basis with fMRI. Reward value was(More)
We investigated the neural basis of conjoined processing of color and spatial frequency with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). A multivariate classification algorithm was trained to differentiate between either isolated color or spatial frequency differences, or between conjoint differences in both feature dimensions. All displays were presented(More)
The neural substrates of feature binding are an old, yet still not completely resolved problem. While patient studies suggest that posterior parietal cortex is necessary for feature binding, imaging evidence has been inconclusive in the past. These studies compared visual feature and conjunction search to investigate the neural substrate of feature(More)
  • M J Roberts, W Zinke, K Guo, R Robertson, J S Mcdonald, A Thiele
  • 2004
Recent in vitro studies have demonstrated that acetylcholine (ACh) selectively reduces the efficacy of lateral cortical connections via a muscarinic mechanism, while boosting the efficacy of thalamocortical/feed-forward connections via a nicotinic mechanism. This suggests that high levels of ACh should reduce centre-surround interactions of neurons in(More)
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