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BACKGROUND The number of trauma centres using whole-body CT for early assessment of primary trauma is increasing. There is no evidence to suggest that use of whole-body CT has any effect on the outcome of patients with major trauma. We therefore compared the probability of survival in patients with blunt trauma who had whole-body CT during resuscitation(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumothorax is present in about 20% of blunt major trauma cases. Insertion of an intercostal tube drainage is one effective treatment, however it is unclear whether the thoracostomy has more advantages if placed in the ventral (2.-3. intercostal space) or lateral (4.-6. intercostal space) approach. The aim of this study was to determine, whether(More)
A portable C arm was modified for cone-beam computed tomography (CT). This three-dimensional (3D) CT imaging system facilitated the acquisition of fluoroscopic images during a 190 degrees rotation and computed a 3D data cube (matrix, 256 x 256 x 256; scanning time, 100 seconds) with multiplanar image reformation. The high-contrast resolution, 0.9 line pairs(More)
BACKGROUND There are several well established scores for the assessment of the prognosis of major trauma patients that all have in common that they can be calculated at the earliest during intensive care unit stay. We intended to develop a sequential trauma score (STS) that allows prognosis at several early stages based on the information that is available(More)
OBJECTIVE The intrathecal posttraumatic inflammation contributes to secondary brain damage as well as to the induction of neuroreparative mechanisms. In this context release of interleukin-10 (IL-10) has been reported to play a major role. However, initial IL-10 concentration in CSF remains incompletely characterized. Therefore, the aim was to analyze Il-10(More)
Tissue engineering of sizeable cell-scaffold constructs is limited by gradients in tissue quality from the periphery toward the center. Because homogenous delivery of oxygen to three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures remains an unsolved challenge, we hypothesized that uneven oxygen supply may impede uniform cellular growth on scaffolds. In this study we(More)
BACKGROUND Osteosarcomas are malignant bone tumors consisting of cells with abnormal cellular functions. Although osteosarcoma-derived cells are commonly used for osteoblastic models, the molecular composition of the osteosarcoma extracellular matrix (ECM) is not well characterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS We compared three osteosarcoma cell lines (MG-63,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES About 15% of polytrauma patients receive massive blood transfusion (MBT) defined as > or = 10 units of packed red blood cells (PRBC). In general, the prognosis of trauma patients receiving MBT is considered to be poor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of MBT on the outcome of polytrauma patients. MATERIALS(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare S-100B and interleukin-8 serum values on scene/at admission and 12 hrs later with respect to neurologic long-term outcome 12 months after cardiac arrest and return of spontaneous circulation, as well as after severe traumatic brain injury. DESIGN Prospective comparative cohort study. SETTING On scene; intensive care units of a(More)