The Saccharomyces cerevisiae pex17-1 mutant was isolated from a screen to identify mutants defective in peroxisome biogenesis. pex17-1 and pex17 null mutants fail to import matrix proteins into peroxisomes via both PTS1- and PTS2-dependent pathways. The PEX17 gene (formerly PAS9; Albertini, M., P. Rehling, R. Erdmann, W. Girzalsky, J.A.K.W. Kiel, M.… (More)
PAS genes are required for peroxisome biogenesis in the yeast S. cerevisiae. Here we describe the cloning, sequencing, and characterization of the PAS1 gene. Its gene product, Pas1p, has been identified as a rather hydrophilic 117 kd polypeptide. The predicted Pas1p sequence contains two putative ATP-binding sites and reveals a structural relationship to… (More)
The import of peroxisomal matrix proteins is dependent on one of two targeting signals, PTS1 and PTS2. We demonstrate in vivo that not only the import of thiolase but also that of a chimeric protein consisting of the thiolase PTS2 (amino acids 1-18) fused to the bacterial protein beta-lactamase is Pas7p dependent. In addition, using a combination of several… (More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae pas3-mutants are described which conform the pas-phenotype recently reported for the peroxisomal assembly mutants pas1-1 and pas2 (Erdmann, R., M. Veenhuis, D. Mertens, and W.-H Kunau, 1989, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 86:5419-5423). The isolation of pas3-mutants enabled us to clone the PAS3 gene by functional complementation. DNA… (More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, PAS genes are essential for the biogenesis and proliferation of peroxisomes. Recently, the first two genes, PAS1 (ref. 3) and PAS3 (ref. 4), have been characterized. Here we report the cloning and sequencing of the PAS2 gene. It encodes a new member of the ubiquitin-conjugating (UBC) protein family and is the first… (More)
Import of peroxisomal matrix proteins is essential for peroxisome biogenesis. Genetic and biochemical studies using a variety of different model systems have led to the discovery of 23 PEX genes required for this process. Although it is generally believed that, in contrast to mitochondria and chloroplasts, translocation of proteins into peroxisomes involves… (More)
We report the characterization of ScPex8p, which is essential for peroxisomal biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cells lacking Pex8p are characterized by the presence of peroxisomal membrane ghosts and mislocalization of peroxisomal matrix proteins of the PTS1 and PTS2 variety to the cytosol. Pex8p is tightly associated with the lumenal face of the… (More)
The long-standing and thorny issue of the origin of peroxisomes has at last been solved. New evidence demonstrates conclusively that the peroxisomal membrane originates from the endoplasmic reticulum. This process requires the two peroxins Pex3p and Pex19p leading to intermediate structures that then mature into functionally competent organelles.
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Pex3p and Pex19p are key players in the post-translational import of peroxisomal membrane proteins. New data suggest that these peroxins act in tandem, Pex19p as a cytosolic chaperone and import receptor for peroxisomal membrane proteins, and Pex3p as docking factor at the peroxisomal membrane.