Wolf Georg Forssmann

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The human genome contains numerous genes whose protein products are unknown in terms of structure, interaction partner, expression, and function. To unravel the function of these orphan genes, it is of particular value to isolate native forms of protein and peptide products derived from these genes. From human blood ultrafiltrate, we characterized a novel(More)
Two major forms of cardiac peptides have been established in the last few years: (a) a prohormone of 126 amino acids (CDD/ANP-1-126) in the endocrine heart and (b) the circulating CDD/ANP-99-126 (=alpha ANP) in blood plasma. The method we applied earlier to isolate the circulating form of cardiodilatin from human blood was used to detect and analyze the(More)
The gastrin-producing cells in the cat have been studied under various experimental conditions indicating the secretory cycle of these cells. Normal gastrin cells in animals fed ad libitum show secretory granules of different electron density. After fasting for 24 hrs the cells are granulated with electron dense secretory granules and after refeeding the(More)
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate intracellular cyclic nucleotide metabolism and, thus, contraction and relaxation of smooth musculature. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the functional effects of isoenzyme-selective inhibitors and their effects on cyclic nucleotide levels in the human detrusor smooth muscle. In addition, the functional(More)
Immunohistochemical investigations with different antisera against cardiodilatin 99–126 or alpha atrial natriuretic polypeptide revealed the presence of cardiac hormones not only in the atria of rats but also in strands of myoendocrine cells located in subendocardial regions of the ventricular septum. The localization of CDD-IR (cardiodilatin(More)
Para and prevertebral ganglia of the cat were investigated for immunoreactivity (IR) against neurotensin (NT), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), substance P (SP) and enkephalin (ENK). Dopamine-β-hydroxylase- (DBH)-IR was studied in consecutive sections to correlate the distribution of noradrenergic/adrenergic neurons with that of peptidergic nerve(More)
The authors of this study examine the question of whether the so-called enterochromaffin or argentaffin cells of the gastrointestinal tract should be considered as a single cell type. The systematic application of purely morphologic methods has led to the conclusion that the epithelium of the gastrointestinal mucosa comprises endocrine cells of several(More)
Nociceptin is a novel neuropeptide of the opioid peptide family recently identified as the endogenous ligand of the opioid receptor-like "orphan" receptor. Unlike other opioids, nociceptin has hyperalgesic effects in vivo. In the present study, nociceptin was found to inhibit electrical field stimulation-induced tachykinergic contractions of the guinea pig(More)
A new polypeptide hormone candidate regulating vascular smooth muscle function was extracted from porcine atrial tissue. The purification steps were followed by a bioassay. The hormonally active substance has been analyzed and found to be a small polypeptide exhibiting a molecular weight of about 7500 and is named “cardiodilatin” (CDD). Further chemical(More)
Antibodies against synthetic bovine neurotensin were raised in rabbits and used to demonstrate neurotensin-immunreactive cells by immunohistochemical methods. In the jejunum and ileum of all species investigated (man, dog, monkey, cat, rabbit, sheep, rat, mouse, hamster, chinese hamster, gerbil, pig and guinea pig) cells were present in the mucosa, which(More)