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OBJECTIVES We compared long-term outcome in patients with initial pT1G3 bladder cancer (BC) treated with early versus deferred cystectomy (CX) for recurrent pT1G3 or muscle-invasive BC after an initial bladder-sparing approach. The aim of this study was to compare survival rates and to analyse the influence of the recognised risk factors multifocality,(More)
OBJECTIVES Noninvasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) causes an enormous economic burden to public health systems due to its life-long character and frequent recurrences. While white light (WL) cystoscopy is considered to be the gold standard for transurethral resection of the bladder, photodynamic diagnostic (PDD) has been shown to improve final(More)
BACKGROUND Studies done in potential donors for heart transplantation and in experimental animals have suggested that brain death can have major histopathological and functional effects on the myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS We developed experimental models of brain death using dogs to study the hemodynamic and catecholamine changes, the extent of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the clinical outcome and prognostic power of the former and current World Health Organization (WHO) grading system in patients with early vs regular onset of noninvasive urothelial bladder cancer (UBC), as little is known of the natural history of early onset UBC and in how far it is reflected by histopathological grading and staging in(More)
To determine the spatial extent of shock-waveinduced vascular damage human umbilical cords were exposed to electromagnetically generated, focused ultrasound waves of different energy densities. During treatment macroscopically visible hematoma and superficial holes appeared. Following exposure specimens were fixed and examined histologically. In addition to(More)
We conducted a prospectively randomised clinical trial to investigate the role of adjuvant outpatient immunochemotherapy administered postoperatively in high-risk patients with renal cell carcinoma. In total, 203 renal carcinoma patients' status post radical tumour nephrectomy were stratified into three risk groups: patients with tumour extending into renal(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have underlined the role of nuclear receptors in the involvement of prostate cancer signalling pathways. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 84 benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), 84 low risk prostate cancer (LPC) and 64 advanced disease (APC) cases were sampled on a tissue microarray (TMA) and stained for retinoic acid receptor(More)
The spectrum of pathogens causing chronic bacterial prostatitis comprises Gram-negative, Gram-positive and atypical microorganisms. Because of its broad spectrum of activity, the group 4 fluoroquinolone moxifloxacin might be a suitable antibiotic for treatment of bacterial prostatitis. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the penetration of(More)
Two consecutive multi-center phase II trials were designed to prove the hypothesis, whether therapeutic modeling of tumor-associated inflammatory processes could result in improved tumor response.Therapy in both trials consisted of low-dose capecitabine 1g/m2 twice daily p.o. for 14 days, every 3 weeks, day 1+, and rofecoxib 25 mg daily p.o., day 1+ (from(More)