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To analyze the synthesis, structure and function of the plant cell wall by a genetic approach, 5200 chemically mutagenized Arabidopsis plants were screened for changes in the monosaccharide composition of hydrolyzed cell wall material by gas chromatography of alditol acetates This screening procedure identified 23 mutant lines representing 11 different loci(More)
Xyloglucans are the principal glycans that interlace cellulose microfibrils in most flowering plants. The mur3 mutant of Arabidopsis contains a severely altered structure of this polysaccharide because of the absence of a conserved alpha-L-fucosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-galactosyl side chain and excessive galactosylation at an alternative xylose residue. Despite(More)
Nucleotide sugar interconversion pathways represent a series of enzymatic reactions by which plants synthesize activated monosaccharides for the incorporation into cell wall material. Although biochemical aspects of these metabolic pathways are reasonably well understood, the identification and characterization of genes encoding nucleotide sugar(More)
Cell walls of the Arabidopsis mutant mur2 contain less than 2% of the wild-type amount of fucosylated xyloglucan because of a point mutation in the fucosyltransferase AtFUT1. The mur2 mutation eliminates xyloglucan fucosylation in all major plant organs, indicating that Arabidopsis thaliana fucosyltransferase 1 (AtFUT1) accounts for all of the xyloglucan(More)
Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, strain B12, which harbours a double-stranded DNA species both as a plasmid and in a linear form, which is integrated at a specific site of the chromosome, produces virus-like particles upon u.v. irradiation. These particles contain the same circular DNA and a number of coat proteins and are probably surrounded by a lipid membrane.(More)
The transcription of the genome of the UV-inducible Sulfolobus virus-like particle SSV1 was studied. Eight different transcripts could be distinguished by Northern analysis that were present in uninduced cells and that coordinately increased in amount after UV induction of SSV1. Using single-stranded DNA probes from different parts of the genome, the(More)
The DNA sequences were determined at the boundaries of the integrated copy of the archaebacterial genetic element SSV1. A 44 bp sequence present as a single copy on the 15.5 kb circular SSV1 DNA flanked the integrated copy as a direct DNA sequence repeat, suggesting that SSV1 integration occurred by recombination between this 44 bp SSV1 sequence and an(More)
Although the plant epidermis serves primarily a protective role, during plant development some epidermal cells specialize, becoming competent to interact not only with pollen but also with other epidermal cells. In the former case, these interactions mediate recognition, germination, and pollen growth responses and, in the latter case, result in interorgan(More)
The mechanical properties of plant organs depend upon anatomical structure, cell-cell adhesion, cell turgidity, and the mechanical properties of their cell walls. By testing the mechanical responses of Arabidopsis mutants, it is possible to deduce the contribution that polymers of the cell wall make to organ strength. We developed a method to measure the(More)
Plant cell walls are composed of a large number of complex polysaccharides, which contain at least 13 different monosaccharides in a multitude of linkages. This structural complexity of cell wall components is paralleled by a large number of predicted glycosyltransferases in plant genomes, which can be grouped into several distinct families based on(More)