Wolf Dieter Oswald

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Description, explanation and prediction of changes occurring in old age, which are based on intervention, are outlined as a basic goal in gerontological research. Appropriate psychological assessment techniques are necessary to reach this goal. The Nuremberg Gerontopsychological Inventory (NAI) is introduced as a set of psychological measurements which(More)
In an interdisciplinary project on maintaining and supporting independent living in old age, (a) competence training, (b) memory training and (c) psychomotor training as well as (d) combined competence and psychomotor training and (e) combined memory and psychomotor training was performed with n = 309 elderly of 75 to 89 years of age for 9 months.(More)
INTRODUCTION As part of the normal ageing process, cognitive deterioration clearly takes place in memory, attention and the information processing speed (IPS). Among the intervention strategies commonly used, combined programmes like those involving memory and psychomotor skills have the greatest beneficial effects on cognition in the short and long term.(More)
The drug effects of dihydroergotoxine (Hydergin) and piracetam were examined in a sample of 44 old-age home residents, 76 years average age, using performance tests, nurse-ratings for the need of care and self-evaluation measures of the "Nürnberger Alters-Inventar" (NAI). Within a subsample of 18 patients, selected according to certain EEG-criteria, EEG day(More)
Based upon suggestions of Lader (1976) about a diagnostic scale of various anxiety states it is discussed if beta-blockers influence mainly the peripheric vegetative symptoms of anxiety and stress and tranquilizers mainly cognitive anxiety. Results of a study in 51 labile volunteers between 19 and 26 years of age are reported. After a six weeks treatment(More)
The question on which level of evaluation treatment effects have to be based on, proves the relevance of independent psychological measurements. The Nuremberg Gerontopsychological Inventory NAI is introduced as a symptomatic-oriented approach for the assessment of therapeutically induced changes. It contains four distinct ways of treatment evaluations: (1)(More)