Wolf Dieter Oswald

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Description, explanation and prediction of changes occurring in old age, which are based on intervention, are outlined as a basic goal in gerontological research. Appropriate psychological assessment techniques are necessary to reach this goal. The Nuremberg Gerontopsychological Inventory (NAI) is introduced as a set of psychological measurements which(More)
In an interdisciplinary project on maintaining and supporting independent living in old age, (a) competence training, (b) memory training and (c) psychomotor training as well as (d) combined competence and psychomotor training and (e) combined memory and psychomotor training was performed with n = 309 elderly of 75 to 89 years of age for 9 months.(More)
INTRODUCTION As part of the normal ageing process, cognitive deterioration clearly takes place in memory, attention and the information processing speed (IPS). Among the intervention strategies commonly used, combined programmes like those involving memory and psychomotor skills have the greatest beneficial effects on cognition in the short and long term.(More)
Two years ago the multiprofessional team of the Memory Centre Erlangen took up its work. Besides complete diagnoses of the cause of memory impairment, the work of the Memory Centre focusses on a special cognitive stimulation intervention. After completing assessment, namely self- and non-self anamnesis, psychometric tests and medical examinations, an(More)
New findings on cognitive aging show that decline in brain functions is not part of a general decline of functioning in old age. We know now that with increasing age there is a differentiation of cognitive functions into two independent dimensions (fluid and crystallized functions). This two-dimensional model allows a more precise description of the(More)
The question on which level of evaluation treatment effects have to be based on, proves the relevance of independent psychological measurements. The Nuremberg Gerontopsychological Inventory NAI is introduced as a symptomatic-oriented approach for the assessment of therapeutically induced changes. It contains four distinct ways of treatment evaluations: (1)(More)
The drug effects of dihydroergotoxine (Hydergin) and piracetam were examined in a sample of 44 old-age home residents, 76 years average age, using performance tests, nurse-ratings for the need of care and self-evaluation measures of the "Nürnberger Alters-Inventar" (NAI). Within a subsample of 18 patients, selected according to certain EEG-criteria, EEG day(More)
By using the Nuremberg Gerontopsychological Inventory (NAI) two hypothesis have been tested on N = 329 subjects in the age between 55 and 93: a) Test performance of older people can be reduced to a speed-/power-model, b) speed tests are more apt to predict activities of daily living than power tests are. Both assumptions can be confirmed. A two-factorial(More)