Wolf Dieter Oswald

Learn More
The present study evaluates the effect of cognitive training, of psychoeducational training and of physical training on cognitive functioning, physical functioning, physical health, independent living and well-being in older people. Also the combination of physical training with cognitive training or psychoeducational training, respectively, was evaluated.(More)
Description, explanation and prediction of changes occurring in old age, which are based on intervention, are outlined as a basic goal in gerontological research. Appropriate psychological assessment techniques are necessary to reach this goal. The Nuremberg Gerontopsychological Inventory (NAI) is introduced as a set of psychological measurements which(More)
In an interdisciplinary project on maintaining and supporting independent living in old age, (a) competence training, (b) memory training and (c) psychomotor training as well as (d) combined competence and psychomotor training and (e) combined memory and psychomotor training was performed with n = 309 elderly of 75 to 89 years of age for 9 months.(More)
The question on which level of evaluation treatment effects have to be based on, proves the relevance of independent psychological measurements. The Nuremberg Gerontopsychological Inventory NAI is introduced as a symptomatic-oriented approach for the assessment of therapeutically induced changes. It contains four distinct ways of treatment evaluations: (1)(More)
This paper presents the Nuremberg-Geriatric Inventory (NAI), a test and questionnaire battery for geronto-psychological and pharmacological problems. This inventory consists of three modified subtests of the Wechsler-Adult-Intelligence-Scale (WAIS), a maze-pathway, a modified Trail Making test (ZVT), a psychological rating scale, a rating scale for(More)
Is it possible to maintain or even enhance functional and cognitive independence in residents of nursing homes? Little is known about the potentials and limits of therapeutic methods designed to maintain independence in elderly people already in need of residential nursing care. The aim of the “Rehabilitation in Nursing Homes” research project was to(More)
INTRODUCTION As part of the normal ageing process, cognitive deterioration clearly takes place in memory, attention and the information processing speed (IPS). Among the intervention strategies commonly used, combined programmes like those involving memory and psychomotor skills have the greatest beneficial effects on cognition in the short and long term.(More)
Nach einer Übersicht zur Prävalenz und den empirisch dokumentierten Risikofaktoren einer dementiellen Erkrankung folgt eine kurze Darstellung therapeutischer Ansätze. Im Anschluss hieran werden Ergebnisse zur Prävalenz sowie den multivariaten Analysen der Frühindikatoren und Risikofaktoren einer Demenz in der SIMA-Studie vorgestellt. Abschließend werden(More)