Wolf-Dieter Heiss

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We studied the functional anatomy of affect-laden autobiographical memory in normal volunteers. Using H2 15O positron emission tomography (PET), we measured changes in relative regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). Four rCBF measurements were obtained during three conditions: REST, i.e.,, subjects lay at rest (for control); IMPERSONAL, i.e., subjects(More)
A new diagnostic indicator of FDG PET scan abnormality, based on age-adjusted t statistics and an automated voxel-based procedure, is presented and validated in a large data set comprising 110 normal controls and 395 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) that were studied in eight participating centers. The effect of differences in spatial(More)
OBJECTIVE The ECAT EXACT HR is a newly designed CTI-Siemens PET scanner with high spatial resolution. Its physical performance with respect to resolution, count rate efficiency, and scatter was investigated and evaluated with phantom studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS The new tomograph consists of three rings of 112 BGO block detectors (50 mm x 23 mm x 30 mm(More)
Management of low-grade gliomas continues to be a challenging task, because CT and MRI do not always differentiate from nontumoral lesions. Furthermore, tumor extent and aggressiveness often remain unclear because of a lack of contrast enhancement. Previous studies indicated that large neutral amino acid tracers accumulate in most brain tumors, including(More)
The Cologne Special is a prototype of the ECAT EXACT (model 921), a new generation of Siemens-CTI PET scanners. It consists of three rings of 48 BGO block detectors each, covering an axial field of view of 16.2 cm with a patient port of 56.2 cm diameter. This results in a total of 24 rings with 384 crystals each, giving 47 contiguous image planes in(More)
The brain may use two strategies to recover from poststroke aphasia: the structural repair of primarily speech-relevant regions or the activation of compensatory areas. We studied the cortical metabolic recovery in aphasic stroke patients with positron emission tomography (PET) at rest and during word repetition. The left supplementary motor area (SMA)(More)
In recent years, mutual information has proved to be an excellent criterion for registration of intra-individual images from different modalities. Multi-resolution coarse-to-fine optimization was proposed for speeding-up of the registration process. The aim of our work was to further improve registration speed without compromising robustness or accuracy. We(More)
The microPET R4 scanner is a dedicated positron emission tomograph (PET) for studies of rodents. A number of scanner parameters such as spatial resolution, sensitivity, scatter, and count rate performance were determined in this work, which showed that the microPET R4 is a suitable PET scanner for small animals like mice and rats. In the center of the field(More)
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) is a highly effective surgical treatment in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Because the STN has been shown to represent an important relay station not only in motor basal ganglia circuits, the modification of brain areas also involved in non-motor functioning can be expected by(More)
Activation studies in patients with aphasia due to stroke or tumours in the dominant hemisphere have revealed effects of disinhibition in ipsilateral perilesional and in contralateral homotopic cortical regions, referred to as collateral and transcallosal disinhibition. These findings were supported by studies with selective disturbance of cortical areas by(More)