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Response cost and token approach (RCT) within the scope of a summer camp training is an effective treatment program for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is likely that intensive RCT training influences networks responsible for ADHD symptoms. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was carried out in 12 children with ADHD before and(More)
Psychophysiological data support the concept that migraine is the result of cortical hypersensitivity, hyperactivity, and a lack of habituation. There is evidence that this is a brain-stem related information processing dysfunction. This cortical activity reflects a periodicity between 2 migraine attacks and it may be due to endogenous or exogenous factors.(More)
Migraine patients are characterized by increased amplitudes and reduced habituation of the contingent negative variation (CNV) response, especially before a migraine attack. As shown previously, migraine provoking and precipitating agents can cause CNV abnormalities. However, it is unclear whether the temporal relation to the migraine attack determines how(More)
Cortical attention and habituation parameters are altered in patients suffering from tinnitus. The aim of the study was to quantify cortical attention and habituation parameters in tinnitus patients by recording the contingent negative variation (CNV) response and to correlate amplitudes of different CNV parameters with duration of disease. Twenty patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was the determination of the relationships between neurophysiological and psychosocial factors within the pathogenesis of migraine. METHODS The contingent negative variation (CNV), parent-child interactions and theirs relationship were investigated in 30 families with a migraine child and 20 healthy families. RESULTS (1)(More)
BACKGROUND Migraine is a disorder of central information processing which may be characterized by increased amplitudes and reduced habituation of evoked and event-related potentials. In this pilot study, special behavioural training of habituation to aversive stimuli (MIPAS-Family = Migraine Patient Seminar for Families) was developed and proven effective(More)
It has been hypothesized that abnormalities of information processing in migraine may be attributed to impairment of cerebral maturation. However, the most evidences for this hypothesis have come from cross-sectional studies during childhood. We performed a longitudinal study and recorded contingent negative variation (CNV), an event-related slow cortical(More)
Migraine is a familial disorder. The aim of this study was to compare the relationship between specific neurophysiologic pathogenetic mechanisms of migraine such as abnormal information processing and enhanced cortical excitability on the one hand, and parent-child-interactions and personality traits such as neuroticism and extraversion on the other hand in(More)
BACKGROUND Non-syndromic clefts of the orofacial region occur in approximately 1 per 500 to 2,500 live births, depending on geographical area and ethnicity. It can be supposed that the disruption of the normal facial structure and the long-standing pressure of treatment from birth to adulthood bring about a range of life stressors which may lead to a(More)