Wojciech Majeran

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The Plant Proteomics Database (PPDB; http://ppdb.tc.cornell.edu), launched in 2004, provides an integrated resource for experimentally identified proteins in Arabidopsis and maize (Zea mays). Internal BLAST alignments link maize and Arabidopsis information. Experimental identification is based on in-house mass spectrometry (MS) of cell type-specific(More)
Chloroplasts of maize leaves differentiate into specific bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M) types to accommodate C(4) photosynthesis. Chloroplasts contain thylakoid and envelope membranes that contain the photosynthetic machineries and transporters but also proteins involved in e.g. protein homeostasis. These chloroplast membranes must be specialized(More)
Chloroplasts of maize (Zea mays) leaves differentiate into specific bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M) types to accommodate C4 photosynthesis. Consequences for other plastid functions are not well understood but are addressed here through a quantitative comparative proteome analysis of purified M and BS chloroplast stroma. Three independent techniques(More)
Chloroplasts in differentiated bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M) cells of maize (Zea mays) leaves are specialized to accommodate C(4) photosynthesis. This study provides a reconstruction of how metabolic pathways, protein expression, and homeostasis functions are quantitatively distributed across BS and M chloroplasts. This yielded new insights into(More)
Plastids contain multiple copies of the plastid chromosome, folded together with proteins and RNA into nucleoids. The degree to which components of the plastid gene expression and protein biogenesis machineries are nucleoid associated, and the factors involved in plastid DNA organization, repair, and replication, are poorly understood. To provide a(More)
C(4) grasses, such as maize (Zea mays), have high photosynthetic efficiency through combined biochemical and structural adaptations. C(4) photosynthesis is established along the developmental axis of the leaf blade, leading from an undifferentiated leaf base just above the ligule into highly specialized mesophyll cells (MCs) and bundle sheath cells (BSCs)(More)
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutants defective in the chloroplast ATP synthase are highly sensitive to light. The ac46 mutant is affected in the MDH1 gene, required for production or stability of the monocistronic atpH mRNA encoding CF(O)-III. In this and other ATP synthase mutants, we show that short-term exposure to moderate light intensities-a few(More)
In the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the ClpP protease is encoded by an essential chloroplast gene. Mutating its AUG translation initiation codon to AUU reduced ClpP accumulation to 25 to 45% of that of the wild type. Both the mature protein and the putative precursor containing its insertion sequence were present in reduced amounts. Attenuation of(More)
During maize (Zea mays) C(4) differentiation, mesophyll (M) and bundle sheath (BS) cells accumulate distinct sets of photosynthetic enzymes, with very low photosystem II (PSII) content in BS chloroplasts. Consequently, there is little linear electron transport in the BS and ATP is generated by cyclic electron flow. In contrast, M thylakoids are very similar(More)
Plastids are essential organelles because they contribute to primary and secondary metabolism and plant signaling networks. A high-quality inventory of the plastid proteome is therefore a critical tool in plant research. We present reference plastid proteomes for maize (Zea mays) and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) with, respectively, 1564 and 1559(More)