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We introduce a class of deterministic push-down transducers called concatenation state machine (CSM) and we study its semantic domain which is a class of parial mappings over finitely generated free monoids, called simple functions.
The design of a complex integrated transceiver for 121-124 GHz is presented. The transceiver consists of the transmitter with VCO, power amplifier and power detectors, the receiver with LNA, two mixers for quadrature receive path and variable gain amplifiers for IF-output and the digital control circuits with SPI-interface. A central part is the VCO with… (More)
A 245 GHz transmitter (TX) array with an integrated antenna-array for a gas spectroscopy system has been realized, which consists of a push-push VCO with a 1/64 frequency divider, power amplifiers, frequency doublers, and on-chip antennas with localized backside etching. The TX-frequency is tunable in the range from 238 GHz to 252 GHz. The TX-array is… (More)
Millimeter-Wave (MMW) frequencies offer large bandwidths for communication, radar and imaging. Moreover, antennas can be realized in small dimensions, resulting in miniaturized transceiver systems. In such systems, the cost is a big obstacle limiting their mass application. Analog MMW-transceiver chipsets have been demonstrated in [1-3], where the cost is… (More)
A subharmonic receiver (RX) for sensing applications in the 245 GHz ISM band is presented. The RX consists of a differential LNA, a 122 GHz push-push VCO with 1/64 divider, a LO-buffer, a 90° differential hybrid, an active subharmonic mixer, and an on-chip antenna. The VCO frequency is tunable by an external PLL in the range from 118 GHz to 125 GHz.… (More)
The measurement results as well as the theoretical background are presented. The chips were fabricated in a 0.35 µm BiCMOS-technology and operate at a supply voltage of 2.7 V.
240 GHz transmitter and receiver ICs for a 3D imaging system operating are presented. The transmitter exhibits 0.75 dBm output power at 220 GHz, and features a bandwidth of more than 60 GHz while consuming 55 mA from 3 V supply. The receiver features 14 dB of conversion gain at 220 GHz while consuming 81 mA from a 3 V supply. The circuits were implemented… (More)
The paper presents a transceiver front-end MMIC intended for the operation in the license free ISM band from 24 GHz to 24.25 GHz and in the UWB band around 24GHz. The radar principle is FMCW. The chip comprises a low-noise-amplifier (LNA) with gain control, quadrature mixers, polyphase filter, Voltage Controlled Oscillator, frequency measurement unit and… (More)
Complex integrated 122 and 245 GHz SiGe BiCMOS transceiver ICs as well as an efficient broadband on-chip antenna are presented. The ICs target radar and sensing applications for the ISM bands at 122 and 245 GHz. Due to high level of integration and basic mm-wave self-testing production as well as test cost are dramatically reduced. Furthermore a compact and… (More)