Wojciech Bal

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Zinc finger motifs participate in protein-nucleic acid and protein-protein interactions in many groups of proteins, including those involved in DNA repair. The Zn(II) ion, bonded tetrahedrally to cysteine thiolates and/or histidine imidazole groups, maintains the three-dimensional structure, crucial for the function of the domain. Zinc fingers can thus be(More)
D,L-Dithiothreitol (DTT), known also as Cleland reagent, is a thiol group protectant, used commonly in peptide and protein chemistry. Therefore, it is often added at high concentrations in preparations of proteins relevant to heavy metal biochemistry. The coordination of five of these metal ions, Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Ni(II) and Cu(I) to DTT was studied(More)
Circular dichroism and electron spin resonance spectroscopy are used to investigate the second specific metal binding site on human, bovine and porcine albumins. Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) can displace Cu(II) from the second Cu(II) site but not from the first strong site of human and bovine albumins (the N-terminal site). The second Cu(II) binds more(More)
Transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. LA Burley 21) lines expressing three genes encoding enzymes thought to be critical for the efficient production of phytochelatins, (i) serine acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.30) involved in the production of O-acetylserine, the cysteine precursor, (ii) gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (EC 6.3.2.2) involved in the(More)
The acetyl-TESHHK-amide peptide, modeling a part of the C-terminal "tail" of histone H2A, was found previously by us to undergo at pH 7. 4 a Ni(II)-assisted hydrolysis of the E-S peptide bond with formation of a stronger Ni(II) complex with the SHHK-amide product [Bal, W., et al. (1998) Chem. Res. Toxicol. 11, 1014-1023]. To further characterize the(More)
The metal ions carcinogenic to humans are As, Be, Cd, Cr and Ni, and the candidates also include Co, Cu, Fe and Pt. A range of molecular mechanisms was proposed for these metals, reflecting their diverse chemical properties. The oxidative concept in metal carcinogenesis proposes that some complexes of the above metals (Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni) formed in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Serum albumin is the most abundant protein in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid and plays a fundamental role in the distribution of essential transition metal ions in the human body. Human serum albumin (HSA) is an important physiological transporter of the essential metal ions Cu(2+), and Zn(2+) in the bloodstream. Its binding of metals like(More)
8-Hydroxyquinolines (8HQ) have found widespread application in chemistry and biology due to their ability to complex a range of transition metal ions. The family of 2-substituted 8HQs has been proposed for use in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Most notably, the therapeutic PBT2 (Prana Biotechnology Ltd.) has been shown to act as an efficient(More)
Copper(II) binding to the amyloid-β peptide has been proposed to be a key event in the cascade leading to Alzheimer's disease. As a direct consequence, the strength of the Cu(II) to Aβ interaction, that is, the Cu(II) affinity of Aβ, is a very important parameter to determine. Because Aβ peptide contain one Tyr fluorophore in its sequence and because Cu(II)(More)