Wlodzimierz Buczko

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 1-methylnicotinamide (MNA) has been considered to be an inactive metabolite of nicotinamide. Here we assessed the anti-thrombotic activity of MNA in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Antithrombotic action of MNA was studied in normotensive rats with extracorporeal thrombus formation (thrombolysis), in renovascular hypertensive rats with(More)
We investigated L-kynurenine distribution and metabolism in rats with experimental chronic renal failure of various severity, induced by unilateral nephrectomy and partial removal of contralateral kidney cortex. In animals with renal insufficiency the plasma concentration and the content of L-tryptophan in homogenates of kidney, liver, lung, intestine and(More)
Chronic ethanol abuse leads to degenerative changes in the hippocampus, which may result in subsequent cognitive impairment. Since the hippocampus retains the ability to produce neurons through adulthood, in the present study we examined if ethanol-induced neuronal loss could be counterbalanced by cell proliferation in mouse dentate gyrus (DG). A total of(More)
Although the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) in clinical practice brought the great chance to recognize the RAS role in the physiology and pathology, there are still many questions which we cannot answer. This article reviews actually known pathways of angiotensin II (Ang II) and other peptides of renin-angiotensin system (RAS)(More)
BACKGROUND Kidneys are involved in tryptophan (TRP) metabolism in two ways. They eliminate TRP derivatives on the one hand, and they produce several enzymes taking part in TRP metabolism mainly via the kynurenine pathway on the other. The aim of the present study was to examine the time-course of changes in the peripheral kynurenine products degradation(More)
Clinical and experimental data have recently accumulated for antithrombotic action of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-1s). We have shown previously that captopril (which contains a thiol group in the moiety) exerts more pronounced antithrombotic activity than does an equipotent dose of enalapril (the drug devoid of the thiol group). To clarify(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) (1-9) is the renin-angiotensin-system peptide found in the plasma of healthy volunteers and after angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors therapy. In vitro experiments proved that Ang-(1-9) may be produced from Ang I. In our study, we tried to expand the poor data about the in vivo properties of Ang-(1-9). We revealed that Ang-(1-9)(More)
In pithed rats, we studied the effects of prostaglandin E2 and of subtype-selective prostaglandin E receptor (EP receptor) ligands on the rise in blood pressure induced by electrical stimulation of the preganglionic sympathetic nerves. Prostaglandin E2, the EP1/EP3 receptor agonist sulprostone and the EP2/EP3 receptor agonist misoprostol inhibited the(More)
1. (+)-Flenfluramine reduces the central stores of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) by a poorly understood mechanism. 2. Rat blood platelets have been used in this study as a simple model for serotoninergic nerve endings. 3. (+)-Fenfluramine shows a dual effect: it inhibits the uptake of (14C)-5-HT by platelets and it releases newly absorbed (14C)-5-HT from(More)