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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether adhesion molecules play a role in acute ischemic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS Using immunofluorescence phenotyping and flow cytometry, the expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules CD54, CD11a, CD11b and CD18 in peripheral blood were measured within 12 h after onset of ischemia in 20 patients(More)
The inflammatory nature of multiple sclerosis (MS) implicates the participation of immunoregulatory cytokines, including the Th2 related IL-10. We describe the use of in situ hybridization with cDNA oligonucleotide probes to detect and enumerate mononuclear cells (MNC) expressing mRNA for IL-10, which is known to down-regulate Th1 cell related cytokines(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with high levels of circulating T lymphocytes that respond to the myelin antigens myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid protein (PLP) by producing various cytokines including interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) that makes MS worse and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), an endogenously produced immunosuppressant(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder mediated by autoantibodies against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) on the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction. The production of antibodies is regulated by T cells by means of immunoregulatory cytokines. To investigate the involvement of TNF-alpha, lymphotoxin (LT), IL-6, IL-10,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES Inflammatory factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. They may influence circulation during the acute phase of stroke and enhance the ischemic region. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 51 patients--36 patients in the early stage of stroke, i.e. the first 24 h after onset. Of these, 15 patients had(More)
OBJECTIVES It has been reported that the prevalance of parkinsonism might be associated with exposure to whooping cough. METHODS Examination of levels of antibodies against Bordetella pertussis in serum using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests [presence of IgG antibodies against filamentous hemagglutinin and pertussis toxin (PT)] were(More)
The prevalence of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACLA) in sera of 49 patients having had their first TIA or ischemic stroke before 50 years of age was studied using a solid phase enzyme immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Five patients had IgM antibodies, eight had IgG, and three had antibodies belonging to both classes. Although ACLA were detected in 32% of patients(More)
Six patients with high level of anticardiolipin antibodies were hospitalized for ischaemic strokes or transient ischaemic attacks. The clinical findings in these cases varied greatly. In three ischaemic episodes were recurrent. In two stroke developed at old age without prodromal symptoms. In two females the vascular involvement was generalized. Although(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating autoimmune disease of the central nervous system with possible involvement of vascular dysregulation secondary to endothelial dysfunction caused by destruction of the vessel wall. Vascular dysregulation leads to excessive vasoconstriction or insufficient vasodilatation, resulting in vasospasm mediated by(More)
We present the case of 37-year-old man with Sneddon's syndrome and antiphospholipid antibodies. His chief neurological manifestation was rapidly progressive dementia, which developed 6 years after the appearance of livedo reticularis.