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—Java possesses many advantages for embedded system development, including fast product deployment, portability, security, and a small memory footprint. As Java makes inroads into the market for embedded systems, much effort is being invested in designing real-time garbage collectors. The proposed garbage-collected memory module, a bitmap-based processor(More)
Garbage collection can be a performance bottleneck in large distributed, multi-threaded applications. Applications may produce millions of objects during their lifetimes and may invoke hundreds or thousands of threads. When using a single shared heap, each time a garbage collection phase occurs all threads must be stopped, essentially halting all other(More)
This paper presents a detailed design and implementation of a power-efficient garbage collector for Java embedded systems. The proposed scheme is a hybrid between the standard mark-sweep-compact collector available in Sun's KVM and a limited-field reference counter. There are three benefits resulting from the proposed scheme. (a) the proposed scheme(More)
In multithreaded programming, locks are frequently used as a mechanism for synchronization. Because today's operating systems do not consider lock usage as a scheduling criterion, scheduling decisions can be unfavorable to multithreaded applications, leading to performance issues such as convoying and heavy lock contention in systems with multiple(More)
Concurrent programs are prone to various classes of difficult-to-detect faults, of which data races are particularly prevalent. Prior work has attempted to increase the cost-effectiveness of approaches for testing for data races by employing race detection techniques, but to date, no work has considered cost-effective approaches for re-testing for races as(More)
In software for embedded systems, the frequent use of interrupts for timing, sensing, and I/O processing can cause concurrency faults to occur due to interactions between applications, device drivers, and interrupt handlers. This type of fault is considered by many practitioners to be among the most difficult to detect, isolate, and correct, in part because(More)
Java application servers are gaining popularity as a way for businesses to conduct day-today operations. While strong emphasis has been placed on how to obtain peak performance, only a few research efforts have focused on these servers' ability to sustain top performance in spite of the ever-changing demands from users. As a preliminary study, we conducted(More)
To date, the most commonly used criterion for invoking garbage collection (GC) is based on heap usage; that is, garbage collection is invoked when the heap or an area inside the heap is full. This approach can suffer from two performance shortcomings: untimely garbage collection invocations and large volumes of surviving objects. In this work, we explore a(More)