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We carry out a quantum-mechanical analysis of a small Josephson junction coupled to a single-mode resonant cavity. We find that the eigenstates of the combined junction-cavity system are strongly entangled only when the gate voltage applied at one of the superconducting islands is tuned to certain special values. One such value corresponds to the resonant(More)
Geometries, UV absorption bands, and resonance Raman (RR) cross sections of TNT and RDX are investigated using density functional theory (DFT) in conjunction with the Coulomb attenuated B3LYP exchange-correlation functional. The absorption and RR spectra are determined with use of vibronic (VB) theory, excited-state gradient, and complex polarizability(More)
Bond stretching mimics different levels of electron correlation and provides a challenging test bed for approximate many-body computational methods. Using the recently developed phaseless auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo (AF QMC) method, we examine bond stretching in the well-studied molecules BH and N(2) and in the H(50) chain. To control the sign/phase(More)
The Tkatchenko-Scheffler vdW-TS method [Phys. Rev. Lett.2009, 102, 073005] has been implemented in a plane-wave DFT code and used to characterize several dispersion-dominated systems, including layered materials, noble-gas solids, and molecular crystals. Full optimizations of the structures, including relaxation of the stresses on the unit cells, were(More)
We present an ab initio density functional study of ferroelectricity in single-domain PbTiO 3-based nanoca-pacitors. We used density functional theory with the recently introduced PBEsol generalized-gradient exchange-correlation functional, which we found to give accurate properties of bulk ferroelectric ͑FE͒ materials. Pt and Au electrodes are used in our(More)
We extend the recently introduced phaseless auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) approach to any single-particle basis and apply it to molecular systems with Gaussian basis sets. QMC methods in general scale favorably with the system size as a low power. A QMC approach with auxiliary fields, in principle, allows an exact solution of the Schrodinger(More)
We use density functional theory to resolve the role of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in the shape-selective synthesis of Ag nanostructures. At the segment level, PVP binds more strongly to Ag(100) than Ag(111) because of a surface-sensitive balance between direct binding and van der Waals attraction. At the chain level, correlated segment binding leads to a(More)
We study the zero temperature (Tϭ0) quantum rotor model with on-site disorder in the charging energy. Such a model may serve as an idealized Hamiltonian for an array of Josephson-coupled small superconducting grains or superfluid 4 He in a disordered environment. In the approximation of small-amplitude phase fluctuations , the Hamiltonian maps onto a system(More)
The stacking parameters, lattice constants, bond lengths, and bulk moduli of pyrophyllite and montmorillonites (MMTs), with alkali and alkali earth metal ions, are investigated using density functional theory with and without dispersion corrections. For pyrophyllite, it is found that the inclusion of the dispersion corrections significantly improves the(More)