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STUDY OBJECTIVES To describe the pulmonary complications in patients with HIV infection, and the changes in the incidence of these complications over a 12-year period. DESIGN Retrospective review of autopsy records. SETTING Two university-affiliated medical centers. PATIENTS We studied autopsy findings from 233 patients with HIV infection who died(More)
We retrospectively reviewed 304 episodes of pneumococcal bacteremia in 293 adults to compare the clinical features, prognostic factors, and case-fatality rate associated with this illness to those in previous studies. We studied patients at an inner-city university hospital who had pneumococcal bacteremia from January 1980 through December 1993. We analyzed(More)
The Towne strain cytomegalovirus and a low-passage strain, Toledo-1, were compared for virulence and immunogenicity in healthy adult male subjects to determine the suitability of the Towne strain for vaccination. Five seropositive subjects who received the Toledo-1 strain developed infections ranging in severity from laboratory abnormalities to mild(More)
OBJECTIVES A study was conducted at a large metropolitan tertiary-care teaching hospital to investigate the incidence of cancers among HIV-infected patients over a 13-year period. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted among HIV-infected patients diagnosed with cancer between January 1990 and December 2003(More)
Herpesvirus infections were studied in persons with or at risk for the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The infections diagnosed were as follows: patients with AIDS, cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 34 of 34, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in 33 of 34, herpes simplex viruses (HSV) in eight of 34, and varicella zoster virus in four of 34; patients with chronic(More)
The recently described acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is characterized by the occurrence of severe opportunistic infections and an aggressive form of Kaposi's sarcoma. A variety of profound defects in cell-mediated immunity have been reported in association with the AIDS, including deficiencies in natural killer (NK) cell activity and(More)
Avascular necrosis (AVN) indicates ischemic death of the bone due to insufficient arterial blood supply. The incidence rate of AVN is higher in HIV-infected patients than in the general population. Although the exact etiology of AVN remains unclear, the literature has shown a relationship between AVN and exposure to highly active antiretroviral therapy(More)
A case of generalized Pneumocystis carinii infection presented as hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy and was complicated by spontaneous pneumothorax. Extrapulmonary P carinii infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is rare, and pneumothorax is even rarer. The purpose of this report is to call attention to these atypical features of(More)
To assess the importance of the autopsy in HIV-1 infection, we retrospectively reviewed the autopsy reports of 70 HIV-1-seropositive patients at Howard University Hospital. Of the 58 patients with AIDS, the diagnosis of AIDS was made after autopsy in 24 (41%) cases. The lung was the most common site of AIDS-diagnostic diseases, and was affected in 90% of(More)
Patients with sickle cell disease are predisposed to infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. However, there has been only one published case of bacteremic pneumococcal meningitis in an adult with sickle cell anemia. We report here the cases of six adults with sickle cell disease, pneumococcal sepsis, and meningitis. Five patients were male and one was(More)