Winston R Frederick

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STUDY OBJECTIVES To describe the pulmonary complications in patients with HIV infection, and the changes in the incidence of these complications over a 12-year period. DESIGN Retrospective review of autopsy records. SETTING Two university-affiliated medical centers. PATIENTS We studied autopsy findings from 233 patients with HIV infection who died(More)
We retrospectively reviewed 304 episodes of pneumococcal bacteremia in 293 adults to compare the clinical features, prognostic factors, and case-fatality rate associated with this illness to those in previous studies. We studied patients at an inner-city university hospital who had pneumococcal bacteremia from January 1980 through December 1993. We analyzed(More)
The Towne strain cytomegalovirus and a low-passage strain, Toledo-1, were compared for virulence and immunogenicity in healthy adult male subjects to determine the suitability of the Towne strain for vaccination. Five seropositive subjects who received the Toledo-1 strain developed infections ranging in severity from laboratory abnormalities to mild(More)
OBJECTIVES A study was conducted at a large metropolitan tertiary-care teaching hospital to investigate the incidence of cancers among HIV-infected patients over a 13-year period. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted among HIV-infected patients diagnosed with cancer between January 1990 and December 2003(More)
The prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody and the human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) antibody was examined in 116 adults with sickle cell disease. Eighty-eight of them had received a mean of 18.6 transfusions of red blood cells between 1978 and 1985, and none was positive for the HIV antibody. Of 116 patients, 9 (7.8%)(More)
The recently described acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is characterized by the occurrence of severe opportunistic infections and an aggressive form of Kaposi's sarcoma. A variety of profound defects in cell-mediated immunity have been reported in association with the AIDS, including deficiencies in natural killer (NK) cell activity and(More)
Herpesvirus infections were studied in persons with or at risk for the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The infections diagnosed were as follows: patients with AIDS, cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 34 of 34, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in 33 of 34, herpes simplex viruses (HSV) in eight of 34, and varicella zoster virus in four of 34; patients with chronic(More)
Herpesviral infections and cellular immunity were studied in 19 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who were treated with human lymphoblastoid interferon for Kaposi's sarcoma. Before treatment, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus were isolated from 18 of 19 patients and 13 of 14 patients, respectively. Serum levels of interferon were(More)
Blood samples from a series of 12 patients with Kaposi's sarcoma or infectious complications of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and from 18 homosexual contacts of AIDS patients were screened for interferon-related tubuloreticular inclusions (TRI) in circulating leukocytes. In the AIDS patients, TRI were detected by transmission electron(More)