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Facet tropism has been investigated as a predisposing factor for degenerative changes in the lumbar spine; however, no prior study has evaluated the relationship between disc bulge and facet tropism. In this study, we used kinetic magnetic resonance imaging (kMRI) to investigate the association between degree of facet tropism and amount of disc bulge in the(More)
STUDY DESIGN The role of bone morphogenetic protein binding peptide (BBP) in bone formation is reviewed from basic science studies and potential clinical application. OBJECTIVE We review the discovery and early scientific studies of BBP with emphasis on potential future clinical applications. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Biologics delivered locally to(More)
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