Winston Chiong

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Large-scale brain networks are integral to the coordination of human behaviour, and their anatomy provides insights into the clinical presentation and progression of neurodegenerative illnesses such as Alzheimer's disease, which targets the default mode network, and behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia, which targets a more anterior salience network.(More)
Financial errors by patients with dementia can have devastating personal and family consequences. We developed and evaluated a neuroeconomic conceptual framework for understanding financial errors across different dementia syndromes, using a systematic, retrospective, blinded chart review of demographically-balanced cohorts of patients with Alzheimer's(More)
Changes in personality and judgment in dementia raise both practical and philosophic problems concerning personal identity. For example, if a patient's values and preference have been altered by disease, should caregivers' decisions for the patient be guided by their understanding of the patient's premorbid values and preferences, or of the patient's(More)
OBJECTIVE Some have argued that physicians should not presume to make thrombolysis decisions for incapacitated patients with acute ischemic stroke because the risks and benefits of thrombolysis involve deeply personal values. We evaluated the influence of the inability to consent and of personal health-related values on older adults' emergency treatment(More)
There is urgent need for clinical trials of novel interventions to reduce the burden of acute ischemic stroke. A key impediment to such trials is slow recruitment. Since obtaining written informed consent in the setting of acute stroke is especially challenging, some experts have endorsed relaxing the requirement for informed consent by permitting verbal(More)
IMPORTANCE Clearer delineation of the phenotypic heterogeneity within behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) will help uncover underlying biological mechanisms and improve clinicians' ability to predict disease course and to design targeted management strategies. OBJECTIVE To identify subtypes of bvFTD syndrome based on distinctive patterns of(More)
Many neuropsychiatric disorders are marked by abnormal behaviour and decision-making, but prevailing diagnostic criteria for such behaviours are typically qualitative and often ambiguous. Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia and semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (also called semantic dementia) are two clinical variants of frontotemporal(More)