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A cDNA clone, pBN115, encoding a low-temperature-regulated transcript in winter Brassica napus has been isolated. Northern blot analyses show that levels of transcripts hybridizing to pBN115 increase within 24 h of exposure of B. napus to low temperature, peak at 3 d, and then remain at an elevated level for the duration of the cold treatment (up to 10(More)
The migration patterns of normal mouse embryo fibroblast (MEF) cells and mouse fibrosarcoma (FS) cells were compared in two assay systems. The two assay systems used were themodified Boyden chamber (micropore membrane) assay and the agarose drop explant assay. In both assays the major population of MEF cells exhibited a greater rate of migration than the(More)
Two aminotransferases from Escherichia coli were purified to homogeneity by the criterion of gel electrophoresis. The first (enzyme A) is active on L-aspartic acid, L-tyrosine, L-phenylalanine, and L-tryptophan; the second (enzyme B) is active on the aromatic amiono acids. Enzyme A is identical in substrate specificity with transaminase A and is mainly an(More)
Bone resorption is a dominant feature of many bone metastases and releases factors from the bone matrix that can promote the expression of the metastatic phenotype in cancer cells. Since proteolytic enzymes, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to bone destruction by metastatic tumour cells and host cells, we have examined the effect of a(More)
To explore possible mechanisms for the metastasis of malignant cells to bone, a model of tumor cell migration was developed, using Walker carcinosarcoma or malignant lymphoma cells. It was found that bone contains a factor that is strongly chemotactic for tumor cells. This factoor is released by a variety of agents that induce resorption of bone.
A cDNA clone, pBN59, was isolated by differential screening of a cDNA library of winter Brassica napus during cold acclimation. Nucleotide sequence of BN59 was found to be homologous to that encoding the 70 kDa subunit of the vacuolar H+-ATPase in plants. Transcripts hybridizing to BN59 accumulated during exposure to low temperatures and to the exogenous(More)