Winnie W S Wong

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The present document presents the proceedings of the consensus development conference on the management of viral hepatitis held in January 2007 under the auspices of the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver and the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada. Several new agents have become available since the last such(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of refractory ascites (RA) is linked to splanchnic vasodilation. We hypothesized that a combination of midodrine, octreotide long-acting release (LAR) and albumin would result in increased natriuresis, better control of ascites and an improvement in renal function in patients with RA+/-Type 2 hepatorenal syndrome. METHODS A(More)
An increasing number of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are undergoing evaluation for listing for liver transplantation. Criteria for selection require ongoing review for suitability. A consecutive series of 40 patients with HCC within the standard Milan criteria (single tumors n = 19 < 5 cm, or up to 3 tumors < 3 cm) and beyond (Extended(More)
BACKGROUND We report long-term outcomes and side effects after transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using de novo, sirolimus-based immunosuppression (IS). METHODS A total of 70 patients with HCC (mean age: 54.4+/-7 years, female/male: 12/58) were transplanted and included in the study. Immunosuppression included de novo sirolimus, low-dose(More)
Covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) is a crucial intermediate in the replication of hepadnaviruses. We inhibited the replication of duck hepatitis B virus in congenitally infected ducks with a combination of lamivudine and a dideoxyguanosine prodrug. Inhibition of viral replication should prevent renewal of the cccDNA pool, and its decay was measured in(More)
Currently, there is a need for therapeutic vaccines that are effective in inducing robust T helper type 1 (Th1) immune responses capable of mediating viral clearance in chronic hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis B therapeutic vaccines were designed and formulated by loading the hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) into poly(D,L-lactic-acid-co-glycolic acid)(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the natural history of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) after liver transplant, the predictors of PSC and IBD recurrence, and the interaction of these disease processes. METHODS Data regarding patients who received liver transplants for PSC at the University of Alberta Hospital (Edmonton,(More)
BACKGROUND Locked-in syndrome represents the most severe form of central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) and has been associated with a dismal outcome. CASE REPORT In this report we describe a case of severe locked-in syndrome after liver transplantation with spontaneous recovery with cessation of calcneurin inhibitor therapy and supportive treatment. A(More)
A crucial step in the establishment and maintenance of a hepadnavirus infection is the formation of a pool of covalently closed circular viral genomes in the nucleus. Changes in the size of this pool occur when an infection is established, when acute infections are resolved, and when chronic infections are treated with antiviral drugs. However, the lack of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent literature has supported the role of bacterial translocation as a mediator of splanchnic vasodilatation and portal hypertension. The objective of this study was to determine whether the probiotic VSL#3 would reduce portal pressure in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS Eight patients with compensated or very early decompensated cirrhosis(More)