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Exposure to asbestos is a known etiological factor in malignant mesothelioma (MM). However, in vitro cell culture studies have provided paradoxical evidence that asbestos exposure to mesothelial cells causes cytotoxicity or apoptosis rather than malignant transformation. Although it has been shown that the iron associated with asbestos participates in the(More)
In vivo electroporation (EP) is an efficient method for effective gene transfer and is highly expected for application in anticancer gene therapy. Non-invasive monitoring of gene transfer/expression is critical for optimal gene therapy. Here we report in vivo optical and high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of EP-mediated transgene expression in a(More)
BACKGROUND Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) inhibits the growth of certain cancer cells and xenograft tumors. Further understanding of the molecular mechanisms and genetic participants that govern the antineoplastic effects of DHA is necessary. The anticancer effects of DHA and its underlying mechanisms in pancreatic cancer and the efficacy in animal models by(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing interest is being shown in a variety of methods for the in-vivo monitoring of gene expression. Of these, the reporter assay using positron emission tomography (PET) has been studied most extensively. METHODS We evaluated tetracycline-induced gene expression using a PET reporter method employing the dopamine type 2 receptor (D2R) gene(More)
As cancer stem cells (CSCs) are postulated to play critical roles in cancer development, including metastasis and recurrence, CSC imaging would provide valuable information for cancer treatment and lead to CSC-targeted therapy. To assess the possibility of in vivo CSC targeting, we conducted basic studies on radioimmunotargeting of cancer cells positive for(More)
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) exerts its main biological effects by binding to natriuretic peptide receptor B (NPR-B), a membrane-bound guanylyl cyclase receptor that produces cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). CNP is known to cause gastrointestinal (GI) smooth muscle relaxation. Experimental evidence suggests a connection between CNP signaling and(More)
We compared three 3-substituted 2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-N-oxyls (PROXYLs): carbamoyl-, methoxycarbonyl-, and hydroxymethyl-PROXYL (CM-, MC-, and HM-PROXYL, respectively) with respect to radioprotection, prevention of DNA damage, and in vivo distribution in mice. The PROXYLs provided protection to C3H mice against lethal X-irradiation (8 Gy) with the(More)
HER3 is overexpressed in various carcinomas including colorectal cancer (CRC), which is associated with poor prognosis, and is involved in the development of therapy resistance. Thus, an in vivo imaging technique is needed to evaluate the expression of HER3, an important therapeutic and diagnostic target. Here, we report successful HER3 PET imaging using a(More)
INTRODUCTION The intratumoral distributions of [(18)F]FDG and [(64)Cu]Cu-ATSM have been reported to be similar in adenocarcinomas but different in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in clinical studies. In the present study, we compared the intratumoral distributions of these two tracers in cancer tissue originated spheroid (CTOS) xenografts derived from(More)
(64)Cu-cyclam-RAFT-c(-RGDfK-)4, an αVβ3 integrin-targeting tetrameric cyclic RGD peptide probe, is a potential theranostic compound for positron emission tomography (PET) of tumor angiogenesis and for internal radiotherapy owing to the multiple decay modes of (64)Cu. Since kidneys are dose-limiting organs in internal radiotherapy, we aimed to reduce the(More)